1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Combretum Loefl.
      1. Combretum padoides Engl. & Diels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree usually up to c. 5 m. tall in our area (recorded up to 12 m. in Kenya) or liane; bark silvery-grey, smooth; branchlets puberulous to tomentellous when young, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite or occasionally alternate; lamina 3–10 x 3–4·5 cm. (up to 11·5 x 5·5 cm. in Tanzania), papyraceous, narrowly elliptic to elliptic (to broadly elliptic in Tanzania), rather abruptly acuminate at the apex and cuneate to rounded at the base, usually pubescent on the nerves below but sometimes almost glabrous (except for scales), tufts of hairs in the axils of the nerves beneath absent or rarely conspicuous, lepidote below; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs, rather prominent below, slightly so above; petiole 3–20 mm. long, slender, densely pubescent to almost glabrous, sometimes sparsely lepidote.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to c. 10 cm. long, of terminal panicles of spikes often with unbranched spikes in the axils of the upper leaves; rhachis tomentellous to pubescent, ± glabrescent; bracts not seen.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, yellow or white, lepidote but otherwise glabrous.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1 x l·2 mm., broadly ovate, lepidote otherwise glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals 1–2 mm. long, linear-elliptic, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 2 mm. long; anthers 0·4 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 1·5–2 mm. in diam., pilose.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1·1–1·9 x 1–1·9(2) cm., subcircular in outline or somewhat broader than long, rufous-lepidote otherwise glabrous, apical peg absent or less than 0·5 mm. long, wings c. 7 mm. broad, stipe up to 2 mm. long.
    Cotyledons
    Cotyledons 2, 1–1·2 x 1·5–1·8 cm., subcircular to transversely elliptic or subreniform with petioles 2–4 mm. long, borne above soil level.
    Scales
    Scales similar to those of C. celastroides but mature leaves with additional smaller scales as little as 50µ in diam. and with a simplified cellular pattern with down to c. 12 marginal cells.
    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Tree or many-stemmed scandent shrub up to 12 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina subcoriaceous to papyraceous, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, (1.5–)5–11.5 cm. long, (1.1–)1.5–5.5 cm. wide, apex usually ± acuminate, base acute or obtuse, glabrous or very sparsely pubescent, tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves beneath absent or inconspicuous, sparsely golden lepidote beneath; lateral nerves 4–8 pairs; petiole 6–25 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 3–10.5 cm. long, solitary or rarely 2–3 in the axils of the upper leaves (the leaves may fall to give the appearance of a branched terminal panicle).
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish or white, scented.
    Receptacle
    Lower and upper receptacles rufous lepidote, otherwise glabrous.
    Calyx
    Sepals broadly triangular.
    Corolla
    Petals narrowly elliptic, 1.5 mm. long, 0.25 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 3 mm. long; anthers 0.4 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 1.5–2 mm. in diameter, pilose, indented where the filaments are inserted, without a distinct free margin.
    Style
    Style 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 4/2, p. 15) subcircular to transversely elliptic in outline, 1.5–2 cm. in diameter, rufous or golden lepidote, otherwiseglabrous; apical peg absent; wings 7–9 mm. broad, sometimes flushed red; stipe 2–3 mm. long.
    Germination
    Cotyledons 2, broadly reniform, petiolate, borne above soil-level.
    Scales
    Scales (fig. 1/2, p. 12) similar to C. celastroides but mature leaves with scales as small as 50 μ in diameter.
    Habitat
    Riverine, coastal and swamp forests, also deciduous thickets; 0–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Combretum padoides Engl. & Diels appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2014 Festo, L. [2805], Kenya K000812471
    Jan 1, 1967 Menyhart [s.n.] K000226545
    Jan 1, 1928 Holst, C. [2219], Tanzania K000226424
    Galpin, E.E. [885], South Africa K000226565 Unknown type material
    Holst, C. [2219], Tanzania K000226425
    Menyharth [s.n.], Mozambique K000226546

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 3: 13 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 170 (1970).
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 40 (1968).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 284 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 146 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 138 (1949).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 13, t. 2/B (1899).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0