1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium normale D.Don

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & E. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Queensland, Hawaiian Islands.

    [FTEA]

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Nepal, Narainhetty, Buchanan-Hamilton s.n. (BM!, holo.)
    Habit
    Terrestrial, very occasionally a low-level epiphyte or lithophyte.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome ± 5 mm diameter, erect (?to creeping), with tufted fronds and lanceolate-attenuate subentire clathrate dark brown rhizome scales up to 2.5 mm long, with a narrow ferrugineous margin.
    Leaves
    Frond erect or arching, narrowly oblong to linear, 15–60 cm long, sometimes proliferous near the apex, firmly membranous.
    Stipes
    Stipe glossy dark brown, 2–16 cm long, terete, glabrous.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina linear in outline, 12–50 × 1.5–3.3 cm, 1-pinnate, hardly decrescent below.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae 18–49 pairs, up to 1.7 × 0.8 cm, shortly petiolate, mostly oblong, slightly dimidiate, rounded, shallowly auriculate, acroscopically becoming increasingly deflexed and unequally triangular towards the base, shallowly crenate on the acroscopic and outer margins, glabrous on both surfaces.
    Rachis
    Rachis glossy dark brown, sulcate ventrally.
    Sori
    Sori brown, up to 3 mm long, 2–7(–8) per pinna, oblong.
    Indusium
    Indusium linear, membranous, entire.
    Figures
    Fig. 2: 13–14, p. 14.
    Ecology
    Moist forest, where terrestrial or on dead wood, only rarely a low-level epiphyte; occasionally up into the heath zone; 1150–3000 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    Plants of this species resemble the much commoner A. monanthes but are usually proliferous; the two taxa are pretty close, and sometimes you have to look at many pinnae before being able to decide (or, just as often, wonder which one). Sterile specimens can be almost impossible to distinguish.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 U3 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T6 T7 Range: Malawi, Mozambique, tropical Asia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Maluku, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam

    Asplenium normale D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Luke, W.R.Q. [10833], Kenya K000438362
    Dec 13, 2007 Ashton, P.S. [479], Brunei K000506843
    Jan 1, 2006 Beaman, J.H. [18954], Malaysia K000490575
    Jan 1, 2005 Beaman, J.H. [10211], Malaysia K000490573
    Jan 1, 2005 Beaman, J.H. [18968], Malaysia K000490574
    Sep 1, 2004 Gay, H.J. [950], Papua New Guinea K000474551
    Sep 1, 2004 Bellamy, A. [1408], Papua New Guinea K000474550
    Sep 4, 2003 Poulsen, A.D. [1713], Malaysia K000429524
    Nov 16, 2000 Hoare, A. [291], Malaysia K000451539
    Jan 1, 1995 Clemens, J. [50733], Malaysia K000429512
    Jan 1, 1985 Beaman, J.H. [10689a], Malaysia K000429525
    Jan 1, 1985 Beaman, J.H. [9808], Malaysia K000429526
    Jan 1, 1985 Beaman, J.H. [7456], Malaysia K000429518
    Jan 1, 1984 Degener, O. [5879], Hawaiian Is. K000656596
    Jan 1, 1984 Heller, A.A. [2771B], Hawaiian Is. K000656594
    Jan 1, 1984 Heller, A.A. [2771A], Hawaiian Is. K000656595
    Jan 1, 1984 Macrae [s.n.], Hawaiian Is. K000656598
    Aug 1, 1983 Dr. King's Collector [8043], Malaysia K000428705
    Aug 1, 1983 Anonymous [Ridley, H.N.] [15990], Malaysia K000428712
    Carr, C.E. [13026], Papua New Guinea K000474562
    Carr, C.E. [14424], Papua New Guinea K000474563
    Clemens, J. [29056], Malaysia K000429530
    Clemens, J. [28165], Malaysia K000429514
    Clemens, J. [28879], Malaysia K000429515
    Clemens, J. [28879], Malaysia K000429516
    Clemens, J. [29056], Malaysia K000429528
    Clemens, J. [26890], Malaysia K000429531
    Jacobs, M. [7461], Philippines K000445742
    Jacobs, M. [7341], Philippines K000445743
    Womersley, J.S. [8347], Papua New Guinea K000474560
    Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia K000429511
    Ridley, H.N. [13973], Malaysia K000428708
    Holttum, R.E. [SFN25423], Malaysia K000429529
    Holttum, R.E. [SFN31404], Malaysia K000428701
    Holttum, R.E. [SFN20777], Malaysia K000428707
    Venning, F.E.W. [MA 98.], Malaysia K000428702
    Sinclair, J. [8972], Malaysia K000429517
    Kairo, A. [83], Papua New Guinea K000474556
    Chew, W.L. [1737], Malaysia K000429519
    Piggott, A.G. [3150], Malaysia K000428716
    Piggott, A.G. [3150], Malaysia K000428715
    Parris, B.S. [7954], Papua New Guinea K000474543
    Parris, B.S. [6290], Papua New Guinea K000474552
    Parris, B.S. [6288], Papua New Guinea K000474553
    Parris, B.S. [7737], Papua New Guinea K000474549
    Parris, B.S. [7954], Papua New Guinea K000474544
    Parris, B.S. [7736], Papua New Guinea K000474555
    Parris, B.S. [7736], Papua New Guinea K000474554
    Parris, B.S. [5708], Philippines K000445744
    Parris, B.S. [5699], Philippines K000445745
    Parris, B.S. [11476], Malaysia K000429520
    Parris, B.S. [8541], Malaysia K000429521
    Parris, B.S. [8869], Malaysia K000429513
    Parris, B.S. [11228], Indonesia K000429537
    Parris, B.S. [10916], Malaysia K000428699
    Parris, B.S. [10574], Malaysia K000428700
    Parris, B.S. [10552], Malaysia K000428717
    Smith, E. [857], Malaysia K000428710
    Smith, E. [874], Malaysia K000428711
    Loher, A. [837], Philippines K000445734
    Dr. King's Collector [2705], Malaysia K000428704
    Dr. King's Collector [2705], Malaysia K000428703
    Ramos, M. [40349], Philippines K000445740
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6537], Philippines K000445735
    Elmer, A.D.E. [11398], Philippines K000445736
    Elmer, A.D.E. [11527], Philippines K000445737
    Elmer, A.D.E. [14302], Philippines K000445738
    Elmer, A.D.E. [22249], Philippines K000445741
    Curtis, C. [27], Indonesia K000429509
    Matthew, C.G. [682], Indonesia K000429510
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65862], Papua New Guinea K000474546
    Croft, J.R. [43], Papua New Guinea K000474547
    Croft, J.R. [133], Papua New Guinea K000474548
    Croft, J.R. [1478], Papua New Guinea K000474561
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65285], Papua New Guinea K000474564
    Haniff, Md. [8010], Malaysia K000428709
    Barker, W.R. [LAE67728], Papua New Guinea K000474545
    Rau, K. [110], Papua New Guinea K000474557
    Vanoverbergh, M. [1812d], Philippines K000445739
    Zollinger, H. [1442], Indonesia K000429503
    Shea, G. [SAN74624], Malaysia K000429527
    Hennipman, E. [5208], Indonesia K000429534
    Hennipman, E. [5208], Indonesia K000429535
    Hennipman, E. [5456], Indonesia K000429532
    Hennipman, E. [5208], Indonesia K000429533
    Heller, A.A. [s.n.], Hawaiian Is. K000656593
    Wallich, N. [207], Nepal K001092517
    Forbes, C.N. [s.n.], Hawaiian Is. K000656597
    Kato, M. [C12133], Indonesia K000429539
    Kato, M. [C12133], Indonesia K000429538
    Nakaike, T. [725], Papua New Guinea K000474565
    Yapp, R.H. [402], Malaysia K000428706
    Lee, D.W. [19741], Malaysia K000428713
    Lee, D.W. [19782], Malaysia K000428714
    Joncheere, G.J. de [1307], Indonesia K000429536
    Gawi, M. [18], Papua New Guinea K000474558
    Gawi, M. [37], Papua New Guinea K000474559
    Andrews, F. [s.n.], Hawaiian Is. K000656599
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 207], Nepal Asplenium multijugum K001109553
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 208], India Asplenium multicaule K001109554
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 208], India Asplenium multicaule K001109555

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 7. 1825. HB. 197. Chr. XII. N (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 28 (1994).
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 66 (1991)
    • B.J.B.B. 55: 146 (1985)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 175 (1970)
    • Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 7 (1825)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0