1. Family: Hernandiaceae Blume
    1. Genus: Gyrocarpus Jacq.
      1. Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa to Pacific, Central Mexico to Venezuela.

    [FTEA]

    Hernandiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Medium-sized deciduous tree usually 12–18 m., rarely over 30 m. tall or shrubby, often flowering when almost or quite leafless; trunk up to 1 m. wide; bark smooth to scaly, grey, white or yellow-brown; slash straw-coloured margined green; twigs brittle.
    Leaves
    Leaves either dimorphic, the young ones 3(–5)-lobed up to the middle of the lamina and the older ones ovate-lanceolate or rarely reniform, or all leaves ovate-lanceolate, 4–25 cm. long, 4–22 cm. wide, thin or rarely subcoriaceous, the nervation pedate, the midrib with 3–6 pairs of lateral nerves, glabrous or almost so or brownish to grey-white pubescent or tomentose, laxly so above but denser beneath; petioles 4–18 cm. long, ± channelled.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± scented, greenish fulvous, aggregated into terminal much-branched inflorescences.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4; filaments up to 3 mm. long in bisexual flowers and 4 mm. long in male flowers, ± pilose, rarely glabrous, sometimes with dorsal glands, alternating with 4 minutely pubescent staminodes 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Style
    Style recurved or S-shaped.
    Fruits
    Fruit pubescent or glabrous, very rugose beneath, with ± 8 longitudinal ribs extending over the upper half or entire length; wings dark brown or blackish, 4–10 cm. long, 2–3(–4) mm. wide at the base, (1–)1.6(–2.2) cm. wide above, minutely pubescent at base but rest glabrous; testa spongy.
    Distribution
    A further four subspecies extend the distribution to Mali, Guinea and Madagascar
    [FWTA]

    Hernandiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Tree, 25–50 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish-yellow or cream.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil Northeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Northern Territory, Panamá, Queensland, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Tanzania, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Western Australia

    Extinct in:

    Cocos (Keeling) Is.

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, Tonga

    Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2001 Davis [1166], Madagascar K000383169
    Richard, A. [25], Madagascar K000383173
    Lam, H.J. [5470], Madagascar K000383175
    Miller, J.S. [4519], Madagascar K000383171
    Werff, H. van der [12708], Madagascar K000383170
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 968] Gyrocarpus asiaticus K001110444
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 968] Gyrocarpus asiaticus K001110445

    First published in Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 282 (1763)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Morat, P. & Mackee, H.S. (eds.) (1988). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 15: 1-155. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 47.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 89: 182 (1969).
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 21: 254 (1967).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 182 (1895).
    • Meissn. in Mart, Fl. Bras. 5(2): 290 (1866).
    • Meissn. in DC., Prodr. 15: 247 (1864)
    • Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 282, t. 178/80 (1763).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0