1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia brachystemma Welw. ex Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree 5–8 m. high; bark grey, longitudinally fissured; branchlets pubescent or glabrous with purplish brown or purplish black bark peeling off in strips to reveal a light brown newly exposed surface.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, sessile or subsessile; lamina broadly obovate to obovate-elliptic, 9–16 cm. long, 5–7 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded, sometimes shortly cuspidate, base cuneate to slightly amplexicaul, glabrous or sparsely pubescent or sparsely appressed pilose especially on the midrib; lateral nerves 10–12 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 7–11 cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; peduncles glabrous or pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers white;lower receptacle glabrous or sparsely to densely sericeous; upper receptacle glabrous or sparsely pilose at the base.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 12/9, p. 79) reddish brown, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 4–5.5 cm. long, 2.3–3 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded and emarginate, base cuneate; apical peg absent; stipe 5–7 mm. long.
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small deciduous or semi-deciduous tree 5–8 m. high or shrub; crown flat-rounded; bark grey to dark-brown, longitudinally fissured; branchlets pubescent or glabrous with purplish-brown or purplish-black bark peeling off to reveal a light-brown newly exposed surface.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, sessile or subsessile; lamina 9–15 x 5–7 cm., coriaceous, glaucous beneath, broadly obovate to obovate-elliptic, apex obtuse to rounded and sometimes shortly cuspidate, base narrowly cuneate and often when the leaf is quite sessile truncate at the point of insertion, glabrous or rather sparsely pubescent or sparsely appressed-pilose especially on the midrib; lateral nerves 10–20 pairs; petiole 0–2(4) mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 7·5–11 cm. long, often in the axils of the fallen leaves, glabrous or sparsely to densely sericeous.
    Flowers
    Flowers white.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle glabrous or sparsely to densely sericeous; upper receptacle glabrous or sparsely pilose at the base.
    Calyx
    Sepals deltate- to triangular-acuminate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–3·5 mm. long; anthers 0–5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk densely barbate.
    Fruits
    Fruit purplish or reddish-brown, 4–5·5 x 2·3–2·5 cm., elliptic to elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse to rounded and emarginate, base cuneate, stipe 5–7 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Terminalia brachystemma Welw. ex Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1967 Baum, H. [215], Angola K000413920 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [4287], Angola K000413921
    Welwitsch [4345], Angola K000413922

    First published in Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 340 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 237 (1970).
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 93 (1968).
    • Griffiths in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 846, fig. 11 (1959), excl. specim. Eggeling 6089.
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4: 20, t. 9/C (1900).
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 2: 340 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0