1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia brownii Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Eritrea and Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Tree 7–13(–25) m. high; bark greyish, longitudinally fissured; branchlets grey, fibrous; young shoots tomentose, becoming glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina elliptic-obovate to broadly obovate, 6–16 cm. long, 3–8 cm. wide, apex obtuse to shortly acuminate, base acute to obtuse, sericeous-tomentose when young, becoming pilose beneath; lateral nerves 7–11 pairs; petiole 1.5–2(–4) cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes up to 12 cm. long; peduncle 1.5–2 cm. long, tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or cream, fragrant, glabrous outside.
    Fruits
    Fruit reddish purple, broadly elliptic to ovate, 3.5–5.5 cm. long, 2.2–4 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded, emarginate, base acute to obtuse, glabrous, purplish red to brown; stipe 5–7 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, bushland and wooded grassland, riverine forest; 730–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T5 T6 U1 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A small tree, up to 30–40 ft. high
    Ecology
    On rocky hills.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

    Terminalia brownii Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Dawe [634], Uganda K000413933 Unknown type material
    Nov 1, 0971 Schimper [879], Ethiopia K000413950
    Ash [1250], Ethiopia 35660.000
    Schimper [879], Ethiopia K000413947
    Schimper [879], Ethiopia K000413948
    Beccari, O. [88], Ethiopia K000413946
    Franqueville [s.n.], Ethiopia K000413951
    Steudner [198], Ethiopia K000413949

    First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 152 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 135, t. 20, 1–2.
    • Engl. & Diels Monogr. Afr. Combretac. 17, t. 8 A
    • —F.T.A. 2: 415
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 100 (1968).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 151, fig. 30/b (1961).
    • Griffiths in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 893, fig. 26 (1959).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 279 (1954).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 90 (1952).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 210, fig. 115 (1950).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony ed. 2: 31 (1936).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4: 17, fig. 8/A (1900).
    • Laws. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 415 (1871).
    • Fresen. in Mus. Senckenb. 2: 152, t. 9/1 (1837).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0