1. Family: Marattiaceae Kaulf.
    1. Genus: Eupodium J.Sm.
      1. Eupodium kaulfussii J.Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil to N. Argentina (Misiones).

    [KBu]

    Christenhusz, M.J.M. Kew Bull (2010) 65: 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-010-9178-3

    Type
    Type: Brazil, without locality, anno 1816, Cunninghams.n. (holotype BM!).
    Rhizomes
    Rhizomes globular, radially arranged, up to about 40 cm wide at apex, somewhat resembling a big, fleshy pine cone with closed scales
    Stipules
    stipules appressed, half-orbicular, to 5 cm wide, succulent
    Leaves
    leaves 3-pinnate-pinnatifid, deltoid-triangular, 2 – 3 m long, petioles to about 1.8 m long, 2 cm thick at the base, sparsely to moderately scaly, the scales 0.5 – 3 mm long, filiform to lanceolate, orange to light-brown, flaccid, often caducous; rachises winged, the wing to 2 mm wide in the distal part of rachis; blades 170 – 180 × 170 – 190 cm; lateral pinnae deltoid-oblong, reduced and confluent with the winged rachises towards the pinnule apex into an entire pinnatifid-crenate terminal segment with a crenate acute apex, the pinnae with about 11 – 15 pairs of pinnules, the oblong pinnules pinnate or deeply lobed; pinnulets elliptic-oblong, 1 – 5.5 (– 8.5) × 0.5 – 1.5 cm, parallel-sided, apices obtuse to rounded-acute, bases acute, margins coarsely crenate, the midvein bearing awns adaxially and (sparsely) abaxially, these 0.2 – 1 mm long; terminal segments rhomboid, 1.9 – 3.2 × 1.7 – 2 cm, widest below the middle, margins crenate, deeply pinnatifid; veins simple or once forked (a fork per lobe), branched in apical pinnules, about 3 – 6 veins per cm (but variable); synangia intramarginal radial to bilateral, 8 – 16 (– 18)-locular, mature ones stalked, the stalks about 0.7 mm long.
    Distribution
    S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul to Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais) and N Argentina.
    Ecology
    Atlantic rainforest and Araucaria glades; 300 – 1000 m.
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC).
    Vernacular
    Socorro, Vacaria (Santa Catarina, Brazil, Sehnem 5735 (B)).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Dominican Republic, Haiti

    Eupodium kaulfussii J.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Fil. t. 118. 1842 (1842)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Toivonen, T. K. (2008). Giants invading the tropics: The oriental vessel fern, Angiopterisevecta (Marattiaceae). Biol. Invasions 10: 1215 – 1228.Google Scholar
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M., Tuomisto, H Metzgar, J. S. & Pryer, K. M. (2008). Evolutionary relationships within the Neotropical, eusporangiate fern genus Danaea (Marattiaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 46: 34 – 48.Google Scholar
    • Murdock, A. G. (2008a). Phylogeny of marattioid ferns (Marattiaceae): inferring a root in the absence of a closely related outgroup. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 626 – 641.Google Scholar
    • Murdock, A. G. (2008b). A taxonomic revision of the eusporangiate fern family Marattiaceae, with description of a new genus Ptisana. Taxon 57: 737 – 755.Google Scholar
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M. (2007). Evolutionary history and taxonomy of Neotropical marattioid ferns: Studies of an ancient lineage of plants. Ann. Univ. Turku., AII, 216.Google Scholar
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Tuomisto, H. (2005). Some notes on the taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of Danaea (Marattiaceae). Fern Gaz. 17: 217 – 222.Google Scholar
    • Lavalle, M. C. (2003). Taxonomía de las especiesneotropicales de Marattia (Marattiaceae). Darwiniana 41: 61 – 86.Google Scholar
    • Pryer, K. M., Schneider, H., Smith, A. R., Cranfill, R., Wolf, P. G., Hunt, J. S. & Sipes, S. D. (2001). Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants. Nature 409: 618 – 622.Google Scholar
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    • Farwell, O. A. (1931). Fern notes II, Ferns in the herbarium of Parke, Davis & Co. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 233 – 311.Google Scholar
    • Maxon, W. R. (1914). Two new species of Marattia from Panama. Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 17: 421 – 422.Google Scholar
    • Fée, A. L. A. (1869). CryptogamesVasculaires (fougères, Lycopodiacées, Hydroptéridées, Equisétacées) du Brésil. J.-B. Baillière et fils, Paris.Google Scholar
    • De Vriese, W. H. & Harting, P. (1853). Monographie des Marattiacées. Arnz, Leiden & Dusseldorf.Google Scholar
    • Presl, C. B. (1845). Marattiaceae. In: Genera Filicacearum, SupplementumTentaminisPteridographiae. Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(2): 7 – 40.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, W. J. (1842). Genera Filicum. Henry G. Bone, London.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, W. J. (1839). Genera Filicum. Henry G. Bone, London.Google Scholar
    • Schott, H. W. (1834). Genera Filicum Vol. 3. Wallishaussen, Vienna.Google Scholar
    • Raddi, G. (1825). Plantarum Brasiliensium Nova Genera, Vol. 1 (Filices). Ex TypographiaAloisiiPezzati, Florentiae.Google Scholar
    • Lamarck, J. B. A. P. M. & Poiret, J. L. M. (1797). EncyclopedieMethodique, Botanique 4. Panckoucke, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Smith, J. E. (1790). Plantarum iconeshactenusineditae, plerumqueadplantas in herbarioLinnaeanoconservatasdelineatae, Vol. 2. J. Davis, London.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0