1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to W. Ethiopia and Uganda.

    [FWTA]

    Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Savannah tree, to 30 ft. high
    Bark
    Black fissured bark
    Leaves
    Large, bright green leaves
    Ecology
    Usually in relatively moist situations.
    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree up to 13 m. high; bark dark grey to black, deeply fissured; branchlets smooth, glabrous, purplish black, becoming light brown and corky with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, sessile or almost so; lamina broadly oblanceolate to narrowly or broadly elliptic-oblanceolate, up to 37 cm. long and 17 cm. wide, apex rounded to obtuse or cuspidate or shortly cuneate, base cuneate and decurrent, glabrous or nearly so, margin undulate; lateral nerves 12–20 pairs; petiole, if present, up to 2 cm. long, often winged or partially winged.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of lateral spikes up to 22 cm. long; peduncle up to 4 cm. long, glabrous or very sparsely pilose.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, glabrous outside.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 12/15, p. 79) reddish brown, oblong-elliptic, 8–11 cm. long, 3.5–8 cm. wide, apex rounded to obtuse, emarginate or with apical peg ± 1 mm. long, glabrous; stipe 6–7 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Open woodland and wooded grassland; 770–1400 m.
    Distribution
    Gambia eastwards through Cameroun to the Sudan U1 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Dawe, M.T. [865], Uganda K000413941
    Dawe, M.T. [865], Uganda K000413942
    Chevalier [1017], Cameroon K000413967
    Mildbraed [9631], Cameroon K000413968
    Schivoner [38], Burkina Faso K000211936
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [24798], Burkina Faso K000211939
    Floret, J.J. [1384], Mali K000211938

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 276 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 129, t. 18, 2 (excl. syn. T. elliotii Engl. & Diels).
    • Engl. & Diels Monogr. Afr. Combretac. 11
    • —F.T.A. 2: 416
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 97 (1968).
    • Griffiths in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 864, fig. 17 (1959).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 279 (1954).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 90 (1952).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 208 (1950).
    • Burtt Davy, Check-lists Brit. Emp. 1, Uganda: 37 (1935).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4:11, fig. 2/A (1900).
    • Laws. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 416 (1871).
    • Guill. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 276, t. 63 (1832).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0