1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia mollis M.A.Lawson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree 5–13(–20) m. high; bark blackish grey, fissured; branchlets densely tomentose, with grey-brown to dark grey-brown bark becoming softly and thickly corky with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina subcoriaceous, narrowly elliptic to elliptic or obovate-oblong, 16–37 cm. long, 7–19 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded or occasionally acute, base obtuse to rounded or occasionally subcordate, densely tomentose, brownish when dried; lateral nerves (7–)15–18 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole 3.5–5 cm. long, stout.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 8–17 cm. long; peduncles 1–2 cm. long, densely tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, greenish white or pinkish, strong smelling, tomentose.
    Fruits
    Fruit pale yellowish green, oblong to broadly elliptic, 6.5–12 cm. long, 2.5–5.5 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded, emarginate, apical peg sometimes present, base acute to subtruncate, densely velutinous; stipe 5–7 mm. long.
    Germination
    Cotyledons 2, with petioles 2–2.5 cm. long, arising below soil-level.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland, often co-dominant, and Brachystegia woodland; 930–2170 m.
    Distribution
    W. Africa from Ghana to Cameroun and eastwards to the Sudan K3 K5 T1 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U3 U4
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Deciduous tree 5–13(20) m. high; crown rounded to flat-rounded; bark blackish-grey, deeply fissured; branchlets densely tomentose with grey-brown to dark-grey-brown bark becoming softly and thickly corky with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina 16–37 x 7–19 cm., subcoriaceous, elliptic to obovate-oblong, densely brownish-tomentose (when dried), apex obtuse to rounded or sometimes acute, base obtuse to rounded or occasionally subcordate; lateral nerves 7–18 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole 3·5–5 cm. long, stout.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 8–17 cm. long; peduncle 1–2 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream or greenish-white or pinkish, strong-smelling.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle densely tomentose; upper receptacle sparsely tomentose, ± glabrous towards the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit pale-yellowish-green, 6·5–12 x 2·5–5·5 cm., densely velutinous, stipe 5–7 cm. long.
    Cotyledons
    Cotyledons 2, 10–16 x 20–25 mm., transversely elliptic to subreniform with petioles 2–2·5 cm. long arising below soil level.
    [FWTA]

    Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Savannah tree, to 30 ft. high.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Terminalia mollis M.A.Lawson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13491], Cameroon K000581816
    Nov 1, 2008 Nana felicite [150], Cameroon K000580111
    Jul 1, 2002 Brunt, M.A. [58], Cameroon K000050845
    Jan 1, 1969 Dawe, M.T. [858], Uganda K000413939 syntype
    Jan 1, 1969 Dawe, M.T. [858], Uganda K000413940 syntype
    Jan 1, 1969 Speke [643], Uganda K000413938 syntype
    Mildbraed [8997], Cameroon K000413964
    Mildbraed [8997], Cameroon K000413965
    Mildbraed [9561], Cameroon K000413966
    [Pellterier] [s.n.] K000413953

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 417 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 2: 417 (1871), not of Zoll. ex Teysm. & Binn., name only, nor of (Presl) Vidal (1885).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 240 (1970), non Teysm. (1866), nom. nud., nec v. Sloot. (1924), nec (Presl) Vidal (1885).
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 98 (1968).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 152, fig. 30/f (1961).
    • Griffiths in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 871, fig. 19 (1959).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1: 279 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 210 (1950).
    • Laws. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 417 (1871).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0