1. Family: Polypodiaceae J.Presl & C.Presl
    1. Genus: Hypodematium Kunze
      1. Hypodematium crenatum Kuhn & Decken

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Dryopteridaceae, JP Roux, M Shaffer-Fehre, B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Yemen, Bolghose, Forsskål s.n. (type lost?)
    Habit
    Terrestrial.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, with tufted fronds and with dense ferrugineous concolorous entire lanceolate-acuminate scales ± 1 cm long
    Leaves
    Fronds tufted, arching.
    Stipes
    Stipe up to 12 cm long, stramineous, glabrous except for scales, similar to those on the rhizome, mostly in a dense basal tuft.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina softly herbaceous, up to 33 × 30 cm, ovate-triangular in outline, 4-pinnatifid with the basal pinnae developed basiscopically.
    Rachis
    Rachis stramineous, pilose.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae up to 22 cm long, oblong-acute in outline towards the apex, unequally triangular-ovate at the base; pinnules of the upper pinnae and basiscopic pinnule-segments of the lowest pinnae up to 2 × 0.9 cm, deeply pinnatifid into oblong obtuse crenate lobes, pilose with unicellular hairs on both surfaces
    Sori
    Sori subcircular, up to 12 per pinnule (or pinnule-segment of basal pinnae), 1–1.5 mm in diameter; indusium reniform, pilose with straight white unicellular hairs
    Figures
    Figure 6
    Ecology
    Probably rocky places in bushland; ± 1200 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    An incredibly erratic species known from single widely scattered localities throughout its range in tropical Africa, apparently only found once in the Flora area.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Zambia, South Africa; Madagascar, Mascarene Is.; Arabia; Cape Verde Is., India, Malaya, Philippines, Indochina, China, Japan and Polynesia Flora districts: K5

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Cape Verde, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Japan, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Hypodematium crenatum Kuhn & Decken appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [79], Cape Verde K001134440
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [79], Cape Verde K001134433
    Dec 1, 2004 Kuntil, L. [135778], Malaysia K000422047
    Jan 1, 1980 Forbes [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134424
    Jan 1, 1980 Forbes [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134430
    Jan 1, 1963 Wallich, N. [342], Nepal K001089097
    Jan 1, 1963 Wallich, N. [342], Nepal K001089100
    Jan 1, 1953 Newton [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134431
    Jan 1, 1953 Cummingham [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134432
    Burtt, B.L. [2270], Malaysia K000422048
    Chevalier, A. [45063], Cape Verde K001134428
    Chevalier, A. [44978], Cape Verde K001134426
    Chevalier, A. [44978], Cape Verde K001134427
    Jermy, A.C. [14481], Malaysia K000422051
    Jermy, A.C. [14057], Malaysia K000422052
    Holttum, R.E. [SFN28120], Indonesia K000422054
    Anderson, J.A.R. [4301], Malaysia K000422055
    Forbes [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134438
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134425
    Millar, A. [18639], Papua New Guinea K000422058
    Hansen, C. [226], Malaysia K000422049
    Parris, B.S. [9289], Papua New Guinea K000422056
    Parris, B.S. [9289], Papua New Guinea K000422057
    Welwitsch [1], Cape Verde K001134429
    Vogel [90], Cape Verde K001134439
    Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134436
    Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134437
    Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134434
    Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134435
    Cardoso, J. [225], Cape Verde K001134418
    Cardoso, J. [136], Cape Verde K001134420
    Cardoso, J. [155], Cape Verde K001134419
    Bolle, C. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134441
    Milne [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134422
    Milne [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134421
    Gillivray, J.M. [143], Cape Verde K001134423
    Molesworth-Allen, B. [2417], Indonesia K000422053
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001089098
    s.coll. [242], Nepal K001089099
    Moseley [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134442

    First published in C.C.von der Decken, Reisen Ost Afr. 3(3): 37 (1879)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 33 (1994).
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 320, t. 53/ 5, fig. 324, 324a, map (1990);
    • Schelpe & N.C. Anthony, F.S.A., Pterid.: 263, map 229 (1986);
    • Jacobsen, Ferns S. Afr.: 451, t. 341, map 168 (1983);
    • Kornas´, District: Ecol. Pterid. Zambia: 105, fig. 69a (1979);
    • U.K.W.F.: 48 (1974);
    • Expl. Hydrobiol. Bassin L. Bangweolo & Luapula 8 (3) Ptérid.: 90, fig. 28 (1973);
    • Schelpe, F.Z., Pterid.: 230, t. 66 (1970)
    • Tardieu, Fl. Madag. 5 (1): 327 (1958);
    • Von der Decken, Reisen, Bot. 3, 3: 37 (1879);

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0