1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia sambesiaca Engl. & Diels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Tall tree up to 39 m. high; bark greyish, smooth to slightly rough and fissured; young branchlets tomentose, becoming glabrescent, with fibrous bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina elliptic to broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, up to 18 cm. long and 13 cm. wide, apex rounded and acuminate, margin sometimes crenulate, base cuneate to obtuse or rounded, pubescent to pilose, especially on the nerves and reticulation beneath, often becoming glabrescent; lateral nerves 8–11 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole up to 4 cm. long, tomentose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary or occasionally terminal spikes up to 15 cm. long; peduncle up to 6 cm. long, tomentellous.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, not sweetly scented; lower receptacle tomentose; upper receptacle pilose at the base, almost glabrous towards the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit reddish brown, elliptic, up to 7(–9) cm. long and 3(–4.5) cm. wide, apex subtruncate and sometimes emarginate, base narrowed into the stipe, pubescent; stipe up to 15 mm. long.
    Germination
    Cotyledons 2, borne above soil-level, with petioles 3–5 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest, dry evergreen and riverine forest, also derived woodland; 70–830 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Large tree up to 25(39) m. high; bark greyish, smooth to slightly rough and fissured; young branchlets tomentose, glabrescent, with fibrous bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina up to 18 x 13 cm., papyraceous to chartaceous, elliptic to broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, pubescent to pilose especially on the nerves and reticulation beneath; apex rounded and acuminate, margin sometimes crenulate, base cuneate to obtuse or rounded; lateral nerves 8–11 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole up to 4 cm. long, tomentose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary or occasionally terminal spikes up to 15 cm. long; peduncle up to 6 cm. long, tomentellous.
    Flowers
    Flowers white.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle tomentose; upper receptacle pilose at the base, almost glabrous towards the apex.
    Calyx
    Sepals triangular.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 mm. long; anthers 0·5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk barbate.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 7(9) x 3(4·5) cm., elliptic, pubescent, apex subtruncate and sometimes emarginate, base narrowed into the stipe, stipe up to 15 mm. long.
    Cotyledons
    Cotyledons 2, 1–1·8 x 2–3 cm., transversely elliptic or half-moon-shaped, borne above soil level, with petioles 3–5 mm. long.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Terminalia sambesiaca Engl. & Diels appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 4: 13 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 243 (1970).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4: 13, fig. 4/A (1900).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0