1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Terminalia L.
      1. Terminalia stenostachya Engl. & Diels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small deciduous or semi-deciduous tree 5–12(20) m. high or shrub 4 m. high; crown rounded to flat-rounded; bark dark-brown to grey-black, fissured, rough, lattice-like; branchlets densely tomentose when young, glabrescent, with greyish-brown fibrous bark and prominent leaf-scars.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina 11–18(26) x 4·5–5·5(11·5) cm., coriaceous, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, tomentose when young, ± glabrescent and somewhat glaucous, sometimes bullate above, apex acute to rounded or subcordate: lateral nerves 8–12 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole 1–5–3 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 10–16 cm. long; peduncle 2·5–4 cm. long, tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, strong smelling.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle tomentose; upper receptacle sparsely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals deltate to triangular-acuminate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3 mm. long; anthers 0·5–0·6 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk barbate.
    Fruits
    Fruit dark-red or crimson or yellowish-red, (3)4·5–6·2 x 2·4–3 cm., oblong to narrowly elliptic, minutely puberulous, apex obtuse to rounded, base obtuse to subtruncate, stipe 5–6 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree 5–12(–20) m. high or shrub 4 m. high; bark dark grey to black, rough, lattice-like; branches densely tomentose when young, becoming glabrous with greyish brown fibrous bark and prominent leaf-scars.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 11–20 cm.long, 4.5–11.5 cm. wide, apex acute to rounded, base obtuse to rounded or subcordate, coriaceous, tomentose when young, ± glabrescent; petiole 1.5–5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes 10–16 cm. long; peduncle 2.5–4 cm. long, tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, strong smelling; lower receptacle tomentose; upper receptacle sparsely pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruit dark red or crimson, oblong to narrowly elliptic, (3–)4–6 cm. long, 2.4–3.5 cm. wide, apex obtuse to rounded, base obtuse to truncate, minutely puberulous; stipe 5–6 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and wooded grassland; 450–1400 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Terminalia stenostachya Engl. & Diels appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 4: 16 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 241 (1970).
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 101 (1968).
    • Griffiths in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 888, fig. 24 (1959).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 144 (1949).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 4: 16, fig. 7/B (1900).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0