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  1. Family: Polypodiaceae J.Presl & C.Presl
    1. Genus: Nephrolepis Schott
      1. Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FWTA]

    Davalliaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    Habit
    Terrestrial or epiphytic
    Ecology
    In secondary forest, plantations and swamps; up to 1, 000 ft. alt.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Colombia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Pakistan

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Sasaki, D. [2574], Mato Grosso K000579849
    Mar 1, 2003 Lee, B. [S55707], Malaysia K000084200
    Mar 1, 2003 Lee, B. [S55707], Malaysia K000084201
    Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [49], Brunei K000084196
    Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [139], Brunei K000084197
    Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [16], Brunei K000084198
    Jan 1, 2003 Ashton, P.S. [33], Brunei K000084199
    Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084202
    Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084203
    Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084204
    Jan 1, 2003 Edwards, P.J. [2006A], Malaysia K000084205
    Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [4747], Peru K000200107
    Jan 1, 2003 Gay, H.J. [401], Papua New Guinea K000084521
    Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084177
    Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084178
    Jan 1, 2003 Murata, G. [B4529], Indonesia K000084179
    Jan 1, 2003 Kato, M. [B7009], Indonesia K000084180
    Jan 1, 2003 Kato, M. [B7009], Indonesia K000084181
    Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083916
    Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083917
    Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [128], Malaysia K000083918
    Jan 1, 2003 Yapp, R.H. [128], Malaysia K000083919
    Jan 1, 2003 Mjöberg, E. [2], Malaysia K000084193
    Aug 21, 2001 Mitchell, B.A. [64], Christmas I. K000115122
    Aug 21, 2001 Mitchell, B.A. [64], Christmas I. K000115123
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8325], Cameroon K000109176
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2748], Cameroon K000109205
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2561], Cameroon K000109206
    Feb 21, 2001 Hoare, A. [77], Malaysia K000448025
    Feb 21, 2001 Hoare, A. [77], Malaysia K000448026
    Apr 1, 1998 Acworth, J.M. [207], Cameroon K000360115
    Dec 1, 1996 Ellen, R.F. [665], Indonesia K000084607
    Dec 1, 1996 Anarima [1105], Indonesia K000084606
    Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [5073], Cameroon K000011758
    Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [5746], Cameroon K000518803
    Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084563
    Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084564
    Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084561
    Jan 1, 1994 Christensen, H. [1144], Malaysia K000084562
    Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169a], Christmas I. K000084140
    Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169], Christmas I. K000084141
    Aug 18, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [169], Christmas I. K000084142
    Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084136
    Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084137
    Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [455], Christmas I. K000084138
    Aug 18, 1987 Powell, D.A. [112], Christmas I. K000084139
    Aug 18, 1987 Du Puy, D.J. [CI8], Christmas I. K000084133
    Aug 18, 1987 Du Puy, D.J. [CI8], Christmas I. K000084134
    Aug 18, 1987 Andrews, C.W. [85], Christmas I. K000084143
    Aug 18, 1987 Molesworth Allen, B. [P11], Christmas I. K000084135
    Jul 24, 1986 Vore, de [6], Philippines K000084402
    Jul 24, 1986 Vore, de [79], Philippines K000084403
    Aug 15, 1985 Purseglove, J.W. [4845], Malaysia K000084186
    Aug 15, 1985 Meijer, W. [213], Indonesia K000084159
    Aug 15, 1985 Price, M.G. [1221], Philippines K000084393
    Aug 15, 1985 Price, M.G. [1221], Philippines K000084394
    Aug 15, 1985 Foreman, D.B. [NGF45984], Papua New Guinea K000084490
    Aug 15, 1985 Leach, G. [NGF34326], Papua New Guinea K000084491
    Aug 15, 1985 Samat b. Abdullah, A. [116], Malaysia K000083934
    Oct 1, 1976 Sands, M.J.S. [2967], Papua New Guinea K000084544
    Oct 1, 1976 Sands, M.J.S. [2967], Papua New Guinea K000084545
    Jan 1, 1975 Soenarko, S. [271], Indonesia K000084221
    Jan 1, 1968 Abbe, L.B. [10266], Malaysia K000084187
    Apr 12, 1967 Ernst, A. [434a], Indonesia K000084161
    Jan 1, 1966 Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083933
    Jan 1, 1965 Dissing, H. [2022], Papua New Guinea K000084546
    Jul 3, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [1a], Philippines K000084395
    Sep 1, 1958 Anderson, J.A.R. [8089], Malaysia K000084189
    Jan 1, 1958 Borssum Waalkes, J. v. [845], Indonesia K000084152
    Dec 16, 1957 Lörzing, J.A. [12512], Indonesia K000084128
    Nov 1, 1941 Asdat [3], Indonesia K000084129
    Apr 1, 1939 Buwalda, P. [5116], Indonesia K000084217
    Jan 1, 1936 Lütjeharms, W.J. [5153], Indonesia K000084126
    Jan 1, 1930 Endert, F.H. [1973], Indonesia K000084170
    Jan 1, 1929 Endert, F.H. [1713], Indonesia K000084175
    Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [2521], Indonesia K000084218
    Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [3409], Indonesia K000084223
    Jan 1, 1929 Lam, H.J. [3409], Indonesia K000084224
    Jan 1, 1926 Lütjeharms, W.J. [3855], Indonesia K000084131
    Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7000], Indonesia K000084145
    Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [6804], Indonesia K000084147
    Jan 1, 1921 Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [7764], Indonesia K000084149
    Carr, C.E. [11481], Papua New Guinea K000084519
    Carr, C.E. [11481], Papua New Guinea K000084520
    Richards, P.W. [2649], Malaysia K000084191
    Richards, P.W. [2649], Malaysia K000084192
    Brass, L.J. [28797], Papua New Guinea K000084547
    Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084206
    Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084207
    Comber, H.F. [4067], Malaysia K000084208
    Clemens, J. [22169], Malaysia K000084190
    Clemens, M.S. [9484], Malaysia K000084209
    Henderson, M.R. [20219], Indonesia K000084148
    Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000084506
    Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084493
    Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084494
    Hoogland, R.D. [8916], Papua New Guinea K000084495
    Price, M.G. [2459], Philippines K000084404
    Edwards, P.J. [1676], Malaysia K000083925
    Edwards, P.J. [1676], Malaysia K000083926
    Kanis, A. [1029], Papua New Guinea K000084516
    Vink, W. [12055], Indonesia K000084486
    Vink, W. [12055A], Indonesia K000084489
    Argent, G. [NGBF1037], Papua New Guinea K000084505
    Reeve, T.M. [602], Papua New Guinea K000084504
    Piggott, A.G. [1414], Malaysia K000083937
    Piggott, A.G. [1496], Malaysia K000083938
    Piggott, A.G. [1496], Malaysia K000083939
    Piggott, A.G. [1417], Malaysia K000083940
    Piggott, A.G. [1495], Malaysia K000083941
    Piggott, A.G. [1495], Malaysia K000083942
    Piggott, A.G. [2256], Philippines K000084389
    Piggott, A.G. [1665], Philippines K000084399
    Clemens [5068], Malaysia K000084188
    La Croix, I.F. [5000], Congo K000501442
    La Croix, I.F. [4979], Congo K000501446
    Parris, B.S. [10619], Malaysia K000083923
    Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084522
    Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084214
    Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084215
    Parris, B.S. [11060], Indonesia K000084216
    Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084523
    Parris, B.S. [9600], Papua New Guinea K000084524
    Parris, B.S. [9207], Papua New Guinea K000084525
    Parris, B.S. [9207], Papua New Guinea K000084526
    Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084527
    Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084528
    Parris, B.S. [9208], Papua New Guinea K000084529
    Parris, B.S. [4190], Papua New Guinea K000084530
    Smith, E. [832], Malaysia K000083924
    Smith, E. [2727], Indonesia K000084219
    Smith, E. [1728], Indonesia K000084220
    Frodin, D.G. [2574], Papua New Guinea K000084496
    Frodin, D.G. [2574], Papua New Guinea K000084497
    Nooteboom, H.P. [5769], Indonesia K000084484
    Nooteboom, H.P. [5769], Indonesia K000084485
    Cuming, H. [291], Philippines K000084388
    Cuming, H. [22], Philippines K000084392 Unknown type material
    Cuming, H. [22], Philippines K000084398
    Dr. King's Collector [4955], Malaysia K000083910
    Dr. King's Collector [165], Malaysia K000083911
    Bartlett, H.H. [6417], Indonesia K000084127
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6145], Philippines K000084391
    Elmer, A.D.E. [16597], Philippines K000084396
    Elmer, A.D.E. [22036], Philippines K000084397
    Kloss, C.B. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084488
    Merrill, E.D. [725], Philippines K000084405
    Croft, J.R. [458], Papua New Guinea K000084507
    Croft, J.R. [458], Papua New Guinea K000084508
    Croft, J.R. [686], Papua New Guinea K000084517
    Croft, J.R. [686], Papua New Guinea K000084518
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084531
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084532
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084533
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65452], Papua New Guinea K000084534
    Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084535
    Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084536
    Croft, J.R. [1991], Papua New Guinea K000084537
    Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084538
    Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084539
    Croft, J.R. [1965], Papua New Guinea K000084540
    Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084541
    Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084542
    Croft, J.R. [1161A], Papua New Guinea K000084543
    Croft, J.R. [1161B], Papua New Guinea K000084548
    Croft, J.R. [1161B], Papua New Guinea K000084549
    McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084368
    McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084451
    McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084162
    McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084163
    McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084164
    McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084448
    McDonald [4795], Indonesia K000084449
    McDonald [4911], Indonesia K000084450
    Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475610
    Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475611
    Takeuchi, W. [16815], Papua New Guinea K000475612
    Lai, S.T. [S77093], Malaysia K000115113
    Docters van Leeuwen, W.M. [10968], Indonesia K000084487
    Kerenga, K. [LAE56750], Papua New Guinea K000084498
    Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084499
    Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084500
    Gay, H.J. [676], Papua New Guinea K000084501
    Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084510
    Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084511
    Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084512
    Gay, H.J. [979], Papua New Guinea K000084513
    Zollinger, H. [146], Indonesia K000084154
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083931
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083932
    Chipp, T.F. [5957], Singapore K000083944
    Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Philippines K000408003
    Pleyte, D.R. [13], Indonesia K000084153
    Pleyte, D.R. [13], Indonesia K000084158
    [Unknown] [297] K000435700
    Shea, G. [77189], Malaysia K000084210
    Shea, G. [77189], Malaysia K000084211
    Everett, A.H. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084144
    Hennipman, E. [5540a], Indonesia K000084212
    Hennipman, E. [5540a], Indonesia K000084213
    Hassan [23], Malaysia K000083936
    Wyatt Smith, J. [76364], Malaysia K000083935
    Idjan [330], Indonesia K000084222
    Wiriadinata, H. [275], Indonesia K000084171
    Wiriadinata, H. [275], Indonesia K000084172
    Gardette, E. [395], Indonesia K000421045
    Giesen, W. [32], Indonesia K000084168
    Giesen, W. [32], Indonesia K000084169
    Iwatsuki, k. [S288], Indonesia K000084124
    Iwatsuki, k. [S288], Indonesia K000084125
    Iwatsuki, k. [S173], Indonesia K000084132
    Iwatsuki, k. [B155], Indonesia K000084182
    Iwatsuki, k. [B155], Indonesia K000084183
    Iwatsuki, k. [B713], Indonesia K000084184
    Iwatsuki, k. [B713], Indonesia K000084185
    Blackwood, B. [205], Papua New Guinea K000084502
    Blackwood, B. [205], Papua New Guinea K000084503
    Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084155
    Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084160
    Kato, M. [B6338], Indonesia K000084173
    Edaño, G.E. [35884], Philippines K000084400
    Edaño, G.E. [35865], Philippines K000084401
    Lörzing, J.A. [13031], Indonesia K000084130
    Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083927
    Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083928
    Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083929
    Hose, E.S. [5021], Malaysia K000083930
    Vriese, W.H. de [55], Indonesia K000084165
    Vriese, W.H. de [55], Indonesia K000084167
    Korthals, P.W. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084166
    Mactier, W.F. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083912
    Mactier, W.F. [s.n.], Malaysia K000083913
    Matthew, C.G [s.n.], Malaysia K000083914
    Matthew, C.G [s.n.], Malaysia K000083915
    Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083920
    Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083921
    Yapp, R.H. [68], Malaysia K000083922
    Foreman, D [NGF45939A], Papua New Guinea K000084509
    Amuku, G. [UPNG95], Papua New Guinea K000084514
    Albertis, L.M. d' [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000084515
    Amjah [1048], Indonesia K000084176
    Vore, de [86], Philippines K000084390
    Bünnemeijer, H.A.B. [1662], Indonesia K000084146
    Kregten, T.O. van [69], Indonesia K000084150
    Kregten, T.O. van [69], Indonesia K000084151
    Hallier, J.G. [s.n.], Indonesia K000084156
    Savinierre, E. de la [1135], Indonesia K000084157
    Collman, J.R. [818], Brunei K000084194
    Collman, J.R. [818], Brunei K000084195
    Fryar, D. [4028], Papua New Guinea K000084492
    Mitchell, B.A. [53], Christmas I. K000115120
    Mitchell, B.A. [53], Christmas I. K000115121
    Othman, H. [S55187], Malaysia K000360130
    Raddi, G. [29] K000590570 Unknown type material
    Takeuchi, W., et. al [22460], Papua New Guinea K000608163
    Takeuchi, W., et. al [23250], Papua New Guinea K000608237
    Jan 4, 1983 Craven, L.A. [1054], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084756
    Jan 4, 1983 Craven, L.A. [1054], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084757
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084760
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084761
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084762
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084763
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084764
    Jan 4, 1983 Croft, J.R. [NGF41491], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084765
    Jan 4, 1983 Carr., C.E. [12091], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084754
    Jan 4, 1983 Carr., C.E. [12091], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084755
    Jan 1, 1908 Versteeg, G.M. [1017], Indonesia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084749 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1908 Versteeg, G.M. [1017], Indonesia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084752
    Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084367
    Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084364
    Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084365
    Edwards, P.J. [2006B], Malaysia Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084366
    Parris, B.S. [5648], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084472
    Parris, B.S. [5648], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084473
    Parris, B.S. [4182], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084750
    Parris, B.S. [4182], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084751
    Parris, B.S. [4181], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084753
    Elmer, A.D.E. [17700], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084474
    Elmer, A.D.E. [9859], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084479
    Merrill, E.D. [4028], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084477
    Croft, J.R. [1094], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084758
    Croft, J.R. [1094], Papua New Guinea Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084759
    Copeland, E.B. [629], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084478
    Martelino, A. [35513], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084480
    Edaño, G.E. [38567], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084475
    Lagrimas, M. [37403], Philippines Nephrolepis persicifolia K000084476
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 281], Myanmar Polypodium glabrum K001109701
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 281] Polypodium glabrum K001109702
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 281], Mauritius Polypodium glabrum K001109703
    Jan 1, 1930 Genderen Stort, P. van [542], Indonesia Nephrolepis pilosula K000084370 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Gen. Fil.: t. 3 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Loc, P.K. & al. (2019). A checklist of pteridophytes collected on Cham Chu mountains and adjacent sites Journal of Biology. Hanoi, Vietnam 41: 75-89.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28 : 154.
    • Sim F.S.A. 125 t.35 (1915)
    • Gen. Fil. sub t. 3 (1834)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0