1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Acanthospermum Schrank
      1. Acanthospermum hispidum DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Liberia.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual herb, 0.3–1.3 m high, erect; stem branching regularly and dichotomously, hispid.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong or obovate, 1–12 cm long, 0.5–8 cm wide, base cuneate, margins subentire to coarsely dentate, apex obtuse to acute, hispid and gland-dotted on both surfaces; petiole absent or short.
    Capitulum
    Capitula sessile in leaf axils or at the branching point of stems, enlarging in fruit; involucre ± 7 mm long; phyllaries ciliate, the inner with soft spiny processes enlarging in fruit.
    Florets
    Ray florets pale yellow, elliptic, 1.5–2 mm long; disc florets darker yellow, 1.5–2.5 mm long, glandular-puberulous.
    Fruits
    Achenes enclosed in the enlarged inner phyllaries, the whole 5–6 mm long with two 4–5 mm long hooked spines at the apex, shorter hooked spines all over fruit.
    Figures
    Fig. 165 (page 767).
    Habitat
    eed of cultivation, ruderal sites; 0–1700 m
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 originally from South America but now a pantropical weed
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A bushy annual weed about 12-18 in. high
    Inflorescences
    Small sessile flower-heads
    Florets
    Florets pale greenish-yellow
    Fruits
    Achenes 5-10, spreading widely in fruit.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, French Guiana, Guyana, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Liberia, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Oman, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Assam, Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, New Jersey, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ontario, Oregon, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Socotra, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Togo, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Bristly starbur, Upright starbur

    Acanthospermum hispidum DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2012 Martii [645], Bahia K000053296
    Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [1345], Alagoas K000054351
    Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [2221], Piauí K000054358
    Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [3842], Goiás K000895498
    Jan 1, 2009 Kayombo, C.J. [4972], Tanzania K000614947
    Oct 14, 2008 Crawford, F. [197], Namibia K000450305
    Oct 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3790], Bahia K000053291
    Oct 1, 1996 Silva, G.P. [2446], Bahia K000053293
    Jul 1, 1996 Harley, R.M. [PCD3448], Bahia K000053290
    Jul 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3398], Bahia K000053288
    Jun 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3091], Bahia K000053289
    Jun 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3240], Bahia K000053292
    Dec 1, 1993 Barros, C.S.S. [154], Alagoas K000054352
    Apr 1, 1993 Lemos, M.J.S. [18], Bahia K000053297
    Mar 1, 1993 Hind, D.J.N. [H50004], Bahia K000053294
    Mar 1, 1993 Carvalho, A.M. [3854], Bahia K000053298
    Harley, R.M. [17247], Bahia K000053301
    Hepper, F.N. [3727], Mali K000391759
    Souza, V.C. [32870], Brazil K001031759
    King, R.M. [8687], Bahia K000053299
    Eiten, G. [4325], Brazil K001031757
    Eiten, G. [10281], Brazil K001031758
    Glocker [s.n.], Bahia K000053300
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Pernambuco K000054357
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001031763
    Pickersgill, B. [RU 72230], Ceará K000054353
    Ridley [105], Pernambuco K000054356
    Salzmann, P. [21], Bahia K000053302 isotype
    Salzmann, P. [21], Bahia K000053303 isotype
    Bolland, G. [s.n.], Ceará K000054354
    Bolland, G. [s.n.], Ceará K000054355
    Gardner, G. [2221], Piauí K000053295
    Hagerup, O. [543], Mali K000391760
    Way, M.J. [SWM2446], Brazil K001031756
    Mexia, Y. [4776], Brazil K001031760
    Glaziou, A. [13983], Brazil K001031761
    Santos, F.A.M. [1], Brazil K001031762

    First published in Prodr. 5: 522 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Funk, V.A., P.E.Berry, S.Alexander, T.H.Hollowell & C.L.Kelloff (2007). Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1-584.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossiiskogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 68.
    • Prod. 5: 522 (1836)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossiiskogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 214 (1994).
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 171, t. 56 (1993).
    • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 112. t. 28 (1991).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: pl. 19 (1987).
    • Wild in Kirkia 6: 5 (1967).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 522 (1836).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/