1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Anacardium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sessile or petiolate, simple, entire, coriaceous, generally oblong-obovate.
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamo-dioecious, in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, imbricate, reflexed, caducous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7–10, unequal, 1(2) fertile, the others sterile; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed.
    Disc
    Disk absent.
    Pistil
    Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, 1-locular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit ± obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, sessile or petiolate, generally oblong-obovate, entire, coriaceous
    Flowers
    Flowers in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles, poygamo-dioecious
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base
    Corolla
    Petals 5, imbricate, eflexed, caducous
    Stamens
    Stamens 7–10, l(–2) fertile, the rest sterile (staminodes), unequal in length; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed
    Disc
    Disk absent
    Pistil
    Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, unilocular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Malaya, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Puerto Rico, Senegal, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Venezuelan Antilles, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Anacardium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 383 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 1: 443.
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 383 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 180 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 383 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 180 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 383 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0