1. Family: Polypodiaceae J.Presl & C.Presl
    1. Genus: Polystichum Roth
      1. Polystichum kilimanjaricum Pic.Serm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Dryopteridaceae, JP Roux, M Shaffer-Fehre, B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, Mandara [Bismark] Hut, Pichi Sermolli 5171 (Herb. Pic.Serm. 20640, holo.; Herb. Pic. Serm., K!, P, iso.).
    Habit
    Terrestrial.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome erect to sub-erect, up to 18 cm long, with redbrown narrowly triangular scales to 9 × 0.8 mm
    Leaves
    Fronds tufted, 8–12 per plant, sub-erect to arching, to 100 cm long.
    Stipes
    Stipe reddish-brown at base, pale above, with adaxial groove, up to 43 cm long, 8 mm in diameter, persistent base with dense brownishred narrowly triangular scales up to 9 × 0.8 mm, often with very narrow paler brown margin with often recurved outgrowths, higher up with two types of scale, the larger ovate black-brown scales up to 18 × 7 mm, the smaller papery, strawcoloured or reddish, narrowly ovate.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina firmly herbaceous to almost leathery, adaxially olive green, paler abaxially, oblong, up to 69 cm long, 2-pinnate.
    Rachis
    Rachis straw-coloured with an adaxial groove, moderately to densely set with similar but smaller and paler scales than those on stipe, with 1–3 gemmiferous buds in the pinna axils near the apex.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae up to 35 free pairs, triangular to ovate, basal pinnae not or only slightly reduced in size, often somewhat deflexed, ovate, narrowly ovate or oblong attenuate, up to 14 × 3.5 cm; pinnules up to 14 free pairs, up to 20 × 10 mm; abaxially with dense acicular scales up to 2.5 mm long; costa with adaxial groove covered in acicular scales up to 7 mm long; venation evident or obscure
    Sori
    Sori median, uniseriate, biseriate on acroscopic auricle, discrete, circular, ± 1.4 mm in diameter; sporangium with annulus of 8–20 cells; indusium persistant, peltate, subcircular to amorphous, maximal radial length l mm, brown
    Spores
    Spores brown, ornamentation inflated or compressed tubercles or spines
    Figures
    Figure 10: 1-2, figure 11:8
    Ecology
    Hagenia zone and giant heath zone, upper moist forest zone; 2600–3000 m
    Conservation
    The species is localized and rare but appears not to be threatened.
    Distribution
    Range: Endemic to Kilimanjaro Flora districts: T2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Polystichum kilimanjaricum Pic.Serm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1971 Pichi Sermolli, R. [5171], Tanzania K000351184 isotype
    Nov 1, 1971 Pichi Sermolli, R. [5171], Tanzania K000351185 isotype

    First published in Webbia 27: 445. 1972 publ. 1973. (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Roux, Polystichum in Africa: 196 (1998).
    • Webbia 27: 445 (1972)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0