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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Habit
Perennial or annual herb, decumbent or scrambling, often rooting at the nodes, up to 15 cm high or 60 cm long; stems sappy, often reddish or purplish, glabrous or pilose.
Leaves
Leaves ovate, 1–7 cm long, 0.8–5 cm wide, base attenuate, margins dentate, apex acute or obtuse, glabrous or pilose; 3-veined from base; petiole 1–15 mm long, narrowly winged.
Capitulum
Capitula solitary and hemispherical, becoming conical, radiate, 4–14 mm long, 4–10 mm in diameter, on stalks 2–7 cm long; involucre 3.5–6 mm long, of 2 series of phyllaries.
Florets
Ray florets 10–15, yellow, 2.2–3.3 mm long, the ray 1.4–2.3 mm long. Disc florets many, yellow or slightly orange, 1.1–1.9 mm long.
Ray
Ray florets 10–15, yellow, 2.2–3.3 mm long, the ray 1.4–2.3 mm long.
Disc
Disc florets many, yellow or slightly orange, 1.1–1.9 mm long.
Fruits
Achenes 1.3–2.4 mm long, glabrous; pappus usually absent but sometimes some setae present on achenes of outer florets.
Figures
Fig. 152 (page 731).
Habitat
Swampy or seasonally wet sites, river-banks, cultivated areas, forest margins; 750–3100 m
Distribution
widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa and Madagascar K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Note
Like the last (Spilanthes filicaulis) but more hairy and more robust with the flower-heads on longer peduncles.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Habit
A creeping herb
Inflorescences
Flower-heads on short ascending peduncles
Florets
Disk-florets orange, ray-florets yellow.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Réunion, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Seychelles

Acmella caulirhiza Delile appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [405], Cameroon K000662175
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2600], Cameroon K000518595
Jul 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11811], Cameroon K000199830
Jul 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11154], Cameroon K000199831
Mar 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [432], Cameroon K000746644
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4303 r], Cameroon K000746653
Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [434], Cameroon K000746645
Jan 1, 2004 Biye, E. [111], Cameroon K000746648
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8316], Cameroon K000108721
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8931], Cameroon K000108722
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7901], Cameroon K000108723
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1562], Cameroon K000108718
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [3986], Cameroon K000108719
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2726], Cameroon K000108724
Jul 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [11], Cameroon K000108720
Dec 1, 2000 Munyenyembe, P. [869], Cameroon K000338037
Jan 1, 1995 Thompson, S.A. [1474], Cameroon K000052309
Dec 1, 1889 Harvey [s.n.], South Africa K000410417
Dec 1, 1889 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000410415 Unknown type material
Dec 1, 1889 Tyson, W. [1057], South Africa K000410416
Dec 1, 1889 Krauss [303], South Africa K000410418
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28369], Cameroon K000052310
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 30888], Cameroon K000052314
Hepper, F.N. [1947], Cameroon K000052312
Hepper, F.N. [2098], Cameroon K000052313
Morton, J.K. [648], Cameroon K000052321
Morton, J.K. [832], Cameroon K000052322
Morton, J.K. [K 261], Cameroon K000052327
Maitland, T.D. [1130], Cameroon K000052324
Maitland, T.D. [1655], Cameroon K000052325
Boughey, A.S. [7036], Cameroon K000052323
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410420 Unknown type material
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410419 Unknown type material
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410421 isotype
Johnston, H.H. [0 s.n.18], Cameroon K000052318
Mboya, E. [887], Tanzania K000612924
Gereau, R.E. [6752], Tanzania K000438240
Rakoto, R. [201], Madagascar K000662027
Mwangulango, N.A. [1083], Tanzania K000614883
Gobbo, G. [910], Tanzania K000612946
Manning, S.D. [602], Cameroon K000052284
Chuml, H. [204], Cameroon K000052316
Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41578], Cameroon K000052326
Ash [1072], Ethiopia Spilanthes mauritiana 35489.000
Mar 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4545], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338033
Aug 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8677], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338035
Aug 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8676], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338036
Aug 1, 1998 Cable, S. [2986], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338032
Aug 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [3537], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338034
May 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8567], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338038
Onana, J.-M. [477], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338039

First published in : 45 (1826)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 216, t. 88 (1994), as calirhiza.
  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 207, t. 71 (1993).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 228, t. 50 (1991).
  • R.K.Jansen in Syst. Bot. Monogr. 8: 37, map (1985).
  • Del., Voy. Meroe 4: 335, t. 64, fig. 7 (1827).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0