1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Ancistrachne S.T.Blake

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Philippines, E. Australia, New Caledonia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent (1/3), or rambling (2/3); 30-110-200 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches sparse (1/2), or ample (1/2). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (2), or deciduous at the ligule (2); linear, or lanceolate (1). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle (3), or composed of racemes (1). Panicle open (3/3). Racemes single (1/1); paucilateral (1/1). Spikelet packing abaxial (1/1). Spikelets solitary (3), or in pairs (2). Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled (1), or pedicelled (3); 1-2 in the cluster (1/1). Pedicels tip cupuliform (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (3/3); 1 fertile florets (3/3); without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (3), or oblong (1); dorsally compressed; 2.49-3.562-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus attached transversely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (3/3); 1 fertile florets (3/3); without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (3), or oblong (1); dorsally compressed; 2.49-3.562-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (1), or two; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong (1), or ovate (3); clasping (1/1); hyaline (1), or membranous (1), or chartaceous (2); without keels; 0 -veined (2), or 1-2 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (3), or 4-5 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (3). Lower glume surface glabrous (2), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (3). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (2); chartaceous (2/3), or scarious (1/3); with undifferentiated margins (2), or hyaline margins (2); without keels; 5 -veined (1), or 7-8 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (3), or 10-11 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (2). Upper glume surface pilose (3), or hispidulous (1); with tubercle-based hairs (2), or hooked hairs (3). Upper glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea (3), or without significant palea (1). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (2); membranous (1), or chartaceous (1), or coriaceous (2); 7 -veined, or 8-9 -veined (3); without ribs (2), or ribbed (2); obtuse (2), or acute (2). Fertile lemma elliptic (2), or oblong (1), or orbicular (1); cartilaginous (1), or coriaceous (3); of similar consistency on margins (2), or much thinner on margins (2); without keel; 5-7 -veined (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (3), or punctate (1). Lemma apex acute; without ornament (1), or laterally pinched (2), or pubescent (1); muticous (3), or mucronate (1). Palea membranous (1), or coriaceous (3).
    Distribution
    Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia (2), or Pacific (2).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Caledonia, New South Wales, Philippines, Queensland

    Introduced into:

    Fiji

    Ancistrachne S.T.Blake appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Pap. Dept. Biol. Univ. Queensland 1(19): 4 (1941)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0