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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FTEA]

Thelypteridaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Type
Type: South Africa, Cape Peninsula, Thunberg s.n. (UPS, holo., seen by Schelpe)
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome widely creeping, up to 56 cm long, 2–3 mm in diameter with dark brown ovate somewhat undulate rhizome scales up to 2 mm long blackening with age
Morphology Leaves Stipes
Stipes stramineous, black at the base, 15–50 cm long
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina lanceolate to broadly lanceolate in outline, 25–55 cm long, 21 cm wide, deeply bipinnatifid, acute at apex, the basal pinnae slightly reduced.
Morphology Leaves
Pinnae narrowly oblong, 4–11 cm long, 0.6–2 cm wide, deeply lobed, the lobes oblong, 0.3–1.4 cm long, 3–5 mm wide, glabrous, glandular or thinly pilose beneath and with thin cinnamon membranous ovate scales along the costa beneath. Fronds spaced up to 5 cm apart, 0.35–1.05 m tall
Morphology Leaves Leaf veins
Costa grooved above, glabrous; veins in sterile fronds mostly forked, in fertile often simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori Indusium
Indusium glabrous or with short marginal hairs
Figures
Fig 6, p 23
Ecology
Swampy areas, quaking Sphagnum bogs, Typha, Papyrus, Cyperus marshes but sometimes in seasonally drier areas, vleis banks and ditches, Syzygium forest; (0–)900–2400 m (see note)
Note
Holst 2567 (Tanzania, Amboni, June 1893) is from a much lower altitude (probably ± sea level) than any other East Africa specimen seen. It is curious it has not been collected again from such a well known area. Only one specimen seen for Nigeria, Bowden 71 (Sardauna Province, Mambila Plateau, valley near Maya–Ndaga, 6 Apr. 1970).
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U4 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T7 T8 Range: Nigeria, Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa; Madagascar, S India, N Thailand, Laos, N Sumatra, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland and Victoria) and New Zealand

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, Queensland, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Victoria, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast

Thelypteris confluens (Thunb.) C.V.Morton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [164], Cameroon K000108943
Colenso, W. [119], New Zealand K000951422
Beddome R.H. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000951420

First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 38: 71 (1967)

Accepted by

  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florasi (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfi/Nezahat Gökyigit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Roux, J.P. (2016). The Lycopods and Ferns of Drakensberg and Lesotho: 1-384. Briza academic books, Pretoria, South Africa.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Roux, J.P. (2016). The Lycopods and Ferns of Drakensberg and Lesotho: 1-384. Briza academic books, Pretoria, South Africa.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 32 (1994).
  • Fern Gaz. 14: 198 (1993)
  • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 258, t. 43/1, illustr. 62/260, 260a & b (1990)
  • Schelpe & Anthony, F.S.A., Pterid.: 211, fig. 71/1 (1986)
  • B.J.B.B. 53: 275 (1983)
  • Jacobsen, Ferns S. Afr.: 395, fig. 298 (1983)
  • Fl. Males. Ser. II, 1: 377 (1981)
  • Schelpe & Diniz, Fl. Moçamb., Pterid.: 212 (1979)
  • Schelpe, C.F.A., Pterid.: 155 (1977)
  • J. S. Afr. Bot. 40: 150 (1974)
  • Expl. Hydrobiol. Bassin L. Bangweolo & Luapula 8 (3) Ptérid.: 78, fig. 24A (1973)
  • Schelpe, F.Z., Pterid.: 190, t. 55/E (1970)
  • Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 38: 71 (1967)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0