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  1. Family: Polypodiaceae J.Presl & C.Presl
    1. Triplophyllum Holttum

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa and Southern America..

    [FTEA]

    Dryopteridaceae, JP Roux, M Shaffer-Fehre, B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Rhizomes
    Rhizome long-creeping, slender, with narrow Tectaria-like scales, not clathrate
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina of mature plants either deltoid-pentagonal or somewhat elongate.
    Pinnae
    In almost all cases basal pinnae fully pinnate, their basal basiscopic pinnules in some species bearing leaflets of the fourth order.
    Leaves
    Ultimate leaflets almost always asymmetric at their bases, basiscopic base narrowly cuneate; venation in most species free, in a few species anastomosing but not forming regular, narrow costal areoles, free veins absent from areoles; cylindric glands, of the kind universal in Ctenitis, absent Fronds spaced; vascular structure of rhizome and stipes as in Tectaria
    Sori
    Sori usually round; indusia reniform, in some species very small or absent; spores bearing thin, translucent wings; base chromosome number n=41.
    Note
    20 species in the tropics of Africa and America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Triplophyllum Holttum appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 41(2): 239 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • K.B. 41(2): 239 (1986)
    • Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 129 (1953) pro parte; sensu Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 70 (1959) pro parte
    • Dryopteris subgen. Ctenitis, group of D. protensa (Sw.) C.Chr., Monogr. Dryopteris, pt. II: 91 (1920)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0