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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Africa, Madagascar, Medit to Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 0.4–1.2 m high, aromatic; stems pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, ovate in outline, deeply lobed, the lobes again lobed, 3–13 cm long, 1.5–7 cm wide, the lobes obtuse with crenate margins, pubescent on both surfaces but more densely so beneath; petiole to 5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Male capitula in racemes to 13 cm long, sessile or nearly so; involucre to 5 mm in diameter; florets 15–20, white, campanulate, 2–2.5 mm long. Female florets a few together below the base of the male inflorescence, involucre 5–6 mm long with 4–5 spines 2 mm long.
sex Male
Male capitula in racemes to 13 cm long, sessile or nearly so; involucre to 5 mm in diameter; florets 15–20, white, campanulate, 2–2.5 mm long.
sex Female
Female florets a few together below the base of the male inflorescence, involucre 5–6 mm long with 4–5 spines 2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes dark grey, ovoid, 1.2 mm long, smooth; pappus absent.
Figures
Fig. 176 (p. 814).
Habitat
hores of the sea, lakes, dams, rivers, also in cultivations; 0–1200 m
Distribution
K5 T1 T5 T6 T7 U1 U2 U4 a widespread weed

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect, branched aromatic herb 1-4 ft. high, often woody below and sometimes almost shrubby
Morphology Stem
Striate stems, more or less hoary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flower-heads small, greenish-yellow forming rather dense spikes; flowering during the rains.

Native to:

Albania, Baleares, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Italy, Ivory Coast, Lebanon-Syria, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Sudan, Turkey, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Algeria, Ethiopia, Morocco, Mozambique, Tunisia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Ambrosia maritima L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3789], Bahia K000053305
Jul 1, 1996 Bautista, H.P. [PCD3457], Bahia K000053306
Jul 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3382], Bahia K000053304
Jul 1, 1996 Bautista, H.P. [PCD3457], Bahia K000053307
Dec 9, 1907 Chevalier, A.J.B. [1114], Mali K000391796
Roger dedit [s.n.], Senegal K000410240
King, R.M. [8686], Bahia K000053308
Gemtchújnicov, I. D. [15], Bahia K000053310
Hagerup, O. [198], Mali K000391797
Harley, R.M. [18070], Bahia K000053309

First published in Sp. Pl.: 988 (1753)

Accepted by

  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2005-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

Not accepted by

  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. v. Wyk & A. Nicholas (1987). List of species of southern African plants Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2: 1-152. [Cited as Ambrosia artemisiifolia.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 27, 48.
  • F.T.A. 3: 370
  • Sp. Pl. 988 (1763)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715 epublication.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 215 (1994).
  • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 268 (1963).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 987 (1753).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 110 (1991).
  • Oliv. & Hiern, Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 370 (1877).
  • Wild in Kirkia 6: 2 (1967).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0