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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit., Europe to Siberia and S. Central China.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets pedicelled, solitary, several- to many-flowered, laterally compressed, densely imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets all fertile, hermaphrodite, exserted from the glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Rhachilla disarticulating above the glumes and between the florets. Inflorescence a loose contracted panicle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 2, subequal, 3-9-nerved, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Lemmas 7-9-nerved, broadly ovate, obovate to almost reniform from a deeply cordate base, chartaceous, with broad scarious margins all round, horizontally spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Palea
Paleas c. 2/3-4/5 the length of the corresponding lemmas, membranous, 2-keeled, with the keels often narrowly winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Lodicules
Lodicules 2, small, lanceolate-oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis enclosed by the lemma and palea, dorsally compressed; hilum c. 1/2 as long as the caryopsis, linear.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial grasses.
Morphology Leaves Ligules
Ligules membranous.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (3), or perennial (20). Rhizomes absent (20), or short (2), or elongated (1). Culms erect, or decumbent (2); 6-51-150 cm long. Culm-internodes terete (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (1); firm (22), or flaccid (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (18), or contracted (6). Spikelets appressed (1/5), or ascending (1/5), or pendulous (4/5); solitary (22), or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (6/8), or linear (2/8).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-6-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (4), or ovate (11), or orbicular (10), or obovate (2), or cuneate (2); laterally compressed (22), or subterete (1); 2-5.463-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (22), or pubescent (1). Floret callus glabrous (1/3), or pubescent (1/3), or pilose (1/3).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-6-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (4), or ovate (11), or orbicular (10), or obovate (2), or cuneate (2); laterally compressed (22), or subterete (1); 2-5.463-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (22), or pubescent (1). Floret callus glabrous (1/3), or pubescent (1/3), or pilose (1/3).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (10), or orbicular (9); 0.7-0.9478-1 length of upper glume; membranous (18), or chartaceous (3), or herbaceous (2); without keels (5), or 1-keeled (18); 1 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (19), or 4 -veined (5), or 5 -veined (7), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (2), or 8-9 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (22). Lower glume surface smooth (20), or asperulous (1), or scabrous (2); glabrous (19), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (9/22), or acute (14/22). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (11), or orbicular (9); 0.6-0.917-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (18), or chartaceous (3), or herbaceous (2); with undifferentiated margins (22), or hyaline margins (1); without keels (5), or 1-keeled (18); 3 -veined (16), or 4 -veined (5), or 5 -veined (11), or 7-9 -veined (1). Upper glume primary vein eciliate (20), or ciliolate (2), or ciliate (1). Upper glume surface smooth (20), or asperulous (1), or scabrous (2); glabrous (19), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (1). Upper glume apex obtuse (12/22), or acute (11/22).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic (1), or ovate (3), or orbicular (7), or oblate (10), or trullate (1), or obovate (1); without auricles (14), or auriculate at base (8), or thickened on margins at base (1); laterally compressed (1/1); not gibbous (17), or gibbous (6); membranous (6), or chartaceous (4), or herbaceous (1), or cartilaginous (1), or coriaceous (12); of similar consistency above (19), or much thinner above (4); of similar consistency on margins (5), or much thinner on margins (18); without keel (1), or keeled (22); wingless (18), or winged on margins (5); 3 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (15), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (8), or 8-9 -veined (4). Lemma midvein eciliate (22), or ciliate (1). Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (18), or asperulous (1), or scaberulous (1), or scabrous (1), or papillose (1), or tuberculate (1); glabrous (22), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (2); with simple hairs (2/3), or capitate hairs (1/3). Lemma margins flat, or involute (1); eciliate (21), or ciliolate (1), or ciliate (1), or pubescent (1). Lemma apex entire (19), or dentate (5); 2 -fid (5/5); truncate (2/14), or obtuse (7/14), or acute (4/14), or cuspidate (3/14); muticous (15), or mucronate (6), or awned (5); 1 -awned (5/5). Principal lemma awn apical (7/11), or from a sinus (4/11). Palea 0.5-0.791-1 length of lemma; membranous (12), or coriaceous (11); 2 -veined. Palea keels wingless (18), or winged (5); smooth (22), or scabrous (1); eciliate (15), or ciliolate (7), or ciliate (1). Palea surface glabrous (18), or puberulous (2), or pubescent (3). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2 (21/21); membranous (13/13); truncate (6/13), or acute (7/13). Anthers 1 (13), or 2 (3), or 3 (12). Ovary glabrous (21/21).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid (6/15), or oblong (1/15), or ovoid (1/15), or orbicular (6/15), or obovoid (2/15); plano-convex (2/8), or trigonous (6/8). Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (15), or elliptic (8), or linear (1); 0.5 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Europe (4), or Africa (4), or Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia (3), or Australasia (5), or Pacific (2), or North America (4), or South America (21).

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat or rolled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a loose or contracted panicle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets several- to many-flowered, slightly laterally compressed, broad, often cordate; glumes persistent, subequal, 3–9-nerved; lemmas closely imbricate, broad, cordate at the base, horizontally spreading, papery with broad scarious margins, 7–9-nerved; paleas shorter than the lemmas, 2-keeled, the keels often winged.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China South-Central, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Ascension, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Burundi, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Delaware, Easter Is., Ecuador, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malaya, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tubuai Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Zimbabwe

Briza L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Araujo, A.C. [1645], Brazil K001077951
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2861], Brazil K001077950
Dias-Melo, R. [256], Brazil K001077948
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2846], Brazil K001077946
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [4007], Brazil K001077947

First published in Sp. Pl.: 70 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 32 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 70 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 32 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 70 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0