1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Bromuniola Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Spikelets
    Spikelets 4–9-flowered, laterally compressed, disarticulating beneath each floret at maturity; florets glabrous, all hermaphrodite, becoming smaller upwards, or more often with the lowest floret reduced to an empty lemma; lemmas 7-nerved, shortly awned; stamens 3; ovary glabrous.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or decumbent; 60-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume ovate; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; membranous; 7 -veined; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; membranous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

    Spikelets
    Spikelets long-pedicelled, solitary, laterally compressed, loosely imbricate, 3-7-flowered, awned.
    Florets
    Florets all fertile, hermaphrodite except for the reduced terminal one.
    Inflorescences
    Rhachilla disarticulating above the glumes and beneath the florets. Inflorescences of large panicles with spreading lax delicate branches.
    Glume
    Glumes sub-equal, persistent, keeled, membranous, acute, prominently 5-nerved, with transverse veinlets between the nerves, scaberulous along the keels, glabrous, often mucronate.
    Lemma
    Lemmas similar to the glumes, 7-nerved, acute and shortly awned, keeled, glabrous and smooth except for the scaberulous keels and awns, membranous with hyaline margins, glabrous, the lowermost sterile.
    Palea
    Paleas slightly shorter than the lemmas, 2-keeled, hyaline, compressed, apex obtuse, base bulging out from the lemma, ciliate along the keels.
    Lodicules
    Lodicules 2, broadly cuneate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3.
    Pistil
    Ovary elliptic, glabrous; styles distinct, short; stigmas plumose, laterally exserted.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis free, obliquely ovate in outline, laterally compressed; embryo very small; hilum basal.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Bromuniola Stapf & C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1926: 366 (1926)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kew Bull. 1926: 366 (1926).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in K.B. 1926: 366 (1926)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0