1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Brylkinia F.Schmidt

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is China, Sakhalin to Japan.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 20-70 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes single; paucilateral; bearing 10-20 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing distant. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.8 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; coriaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus. Palea keels approximate; ciliolate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; apex umbonate. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, Japan, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Sakhalin

    Brylkinia F.Schmidt appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Reis. Amur-Land., Bot.: 199 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0