1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Capillipedium Stapf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials; mostly rambling.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a delicate loose panicle bearing short, 1–5(8)-jointed racemes at the ends of capillary branches and branchlets; rhachis internodes and pedicels filiform, with a translucent longitudinal groove.
    Spikelets
    Sessile spikelet callus obtuse; inferior glume cartilaginous, broadly convex to slightly concave, acute or obtuse; superior lemma forming the hyaline base to its awn, entire; awn glabrous. Pedicelled spikelet male or neuter.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (6), or perennial (11). Rhizomes absent (16), or elongated (1). Culms erect (7/14), or geniculately ascending (5/14), or decumbent (6/14), or rambling (1/14); slender (2/3), or weak (1/3); 15-75.77-300 cm long; firm (16), or woody (1); with prop roots (1/4), or rooting from lower nodes (4/4). Lateral branches lacking (2/8), or sparse (3/8), or ample (3/8), or suffrutescent (1/8). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (16), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (1), or a ciliolate membrane (14), or a ciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (1). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (16), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (1). Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (2); stiff (1), or firm (15), or flaccid (1). Leaf-blade midrib widened (2/2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open (16), or contracted (1). Primary panicle branches not whorled (13), or whorled at lower nodes (3), or whorled at most nodes (1). Racemes bearing a triad of spikelets (5), or few fertile spikelets (14), or many spikelets (2); 1 fertile spikelets on each (6), or 2 fertile spikelets on each (9), or 3 fertile spikelets on each (12), or 4 fertile spikelets on each (8), or 5 fertile spikelets on each (5), or 6 fertile spikelets on each (3), or 7-8 fertile spikelets on each (1). Rhachis evident (16), or obsolete (4); tough (9), or fragile at the nodes (8); flattened (1/5), or subterete (4/5). Rhachis internodes indefinite (5/16), or filiform (1/16), or linear (9/16), or oblong (1/16). Spikelets in pairs (15), or in threes (6). Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster (15), or 2 in the cluster (6). Pedicels filiform (1), or linear (15), or narrowly elliptic (1); with a translucent median line (also present in internodes).
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (3/3). Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (2), or elliptic (3), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 1.66-3.641-8.4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent (5/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (3/14); base obtuse (15/15); attached transversely (14/14).
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous (3/3).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (2), or elliptic (3), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 1.66-3.641-8.4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent (5/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (3/14); base obtuse (15/15); attached transversely (14/14).
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (3), or elliptic (2), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); membranous (9), or chartaceous (7), or coriaceous (1); without keels (5), or 2-keeled (12); 5 -veined (1/11), or 7 -veined (4/11), or 8 -veined (1/11), or 9 -veined (5/11), or 10 -veined (1/11). Lower glume lateral veins obscure (1), or distinct (15), or prominent (1); intercarinal veins distinct (4/4). Lower glume surface flat (2), or concave (14), or with a longitudinal median groove (1); smooth (12), or asperulous (3), or scabrous (2); glabrous (11), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (4), or pilose (2), or villous (1). Lower glume apex entire (16), or erose (1); truncate (3/8), or obtuse (4/8), or acute (1/8). Upper glume lanceolate (10), or oblong (4), or ovate (7); chartaceous (6/6); with undifferentiated margins (16), or hyaline margins (1); 1-keeled; 3 -veined (12/12), or 4-5 -veined (1/12). Upper glume surface glabrous (15), or puberulous (1), or pilose (1). Upper glume apex acute (2/2).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren (16/16); without significant palea (16/16). Lemma of lower sterile floret linear (1/16), or lanceolate (1/16), or oblong (14/16); hyaline (16/16); 0 -veined (10/10); obtuse (1/1), or acute (1/1). Fertile lemma linear (16/16); hyaline (16/16); without keel (16/16); 0 -veined (1/14), or 1 -veined (13/14). Lemma apex acute (15/15); awned (16/16); 1 -awned (10/10). Principal lemma awn geniculate (15/16), or bigeniculate (1/16). Column of lemma awn glabrous (15/16), or pubescent (1/16). Palea present (1), or absent or minute (16); hyaline (1/1).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3 (16/16).
    Distribution
    Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia (16), or Australasia (2), or Pacific (2).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, sometimes aromatic; ligule membranous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a delicate panicle with elongated central axis and capillary branches bearing short racemes; racemes with 1–5(–8) sessile spikelets, without homogamous pairs at the base; internodes and pedicels linear, with a hyaline median line
    Spikelets
    Sessile spikelet dorsally compressed; callus very short, rounded; lower glume broadly convex to slightly concave on the back, abruptly rounded on the flanks, without pits; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma entire, with a glabrous or puberulous awn Pedicelled spikelet usually well developed.
    Sessile
    Sessile spikelet dorsally compressed; callus very short, rounded; lower glume broadly convex to slightly concave on the back, abruptly rounded on the flanks, without pits; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma entire, with a glabrous or puberulous awn
    Fruits
    Caryopsis oblong, slightly dorsally compressed
    Pedicelled
    Pedicelled spikelet usually well developed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Nauru

    Capillipedium Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 169 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Prain, F.T.A. 9: 169 (1917).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in F.T.A. 9: 169 (1917)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0