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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Castellia Tineo

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit., NE. Tropical Africa to NW. India.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 50-100 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes single, or borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis semiterete. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with scarious margins; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface tuberculate. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid. Hilum linear; 0.75 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe, or Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Canary Is., Djibouti, Eritrea, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Castellia Tineo appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Pl. Rar. Sicil.: 17 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0