1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Catapodium Link

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe, Medit. to Iran and Djibouti.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent (1); 2-17-40 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/1), or sparse (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle (2), or composed of racemes. Panicle open (1/2), or contracted (1/2), or spiciform (1/2). Racemes single, or borne along a central axis (1); unilateral. Rhachis angular (2/2). Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; 2 -rowed (1/1). Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (2), or pedicelled (2). Pedicels oblong (1/2), or cuneate (1/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (1), or 3 fertile florets (3), or 4-5 fertile florets, or 6-7 fertile florets (3), or 8-10 fertile florets (2), or 11-12 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (3), or obovate (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 4-6.768-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (3), or pilose (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (1), or 3 fertile florets (3), or 4-5 fertile florets, or 6-7 fertile florets (3), or 8-10 fertile florets (2), or 11-12 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (3), or obovate (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 4-6.768-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (3), or pilose (1).
    Glume
    Glumes distichous (3), or oblique (1); persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (3); 0.9-0.9375-1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels (2), or 1-keeled (2); 1-2 -veined (2), or 3 -veined (3), or 5 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex acute (3), or setaceously attenuate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or ovate (1); 0.75-0.8625-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with undifferentiated margins (3), or scarious margins (1); without keels (2), or 1-keeled (2); 3 -veined (3), or 7 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2), or oblong (1); elliptic in profile (1/2), or oblong in profile (1/2); coriaceous; without keel (3), or keeled (1); 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface glabrous (3), or hirsute (1). Lemma apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (3); muticous, or mucronate (1). Palea 0.9-0.975-1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (3). Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1). Palea apex dentate (1/1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (2/2). Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid (2/2); concavo-convex (1/1). Embryo 0.2-0.2167-0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (2), or elliptic (2).
    Distribution
    Europe (2), or Africa, or Temperate Asia (2), or Australasia (2), or North America (1), or South America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Romania

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Austria, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, Korea, Mexico Northeast, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., South Australia, Tasmania, Uruguay, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Catapodium Link appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hort. Berol. 1: 380 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0