1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cladoraphis Franch.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Angola to S. Africa.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 20-38.75-60 cm long; woody. Leaves with blades commonly suppressed, transferring photosynthetic function to sheath and culm. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or triangular. Leaf-blade apex muticous (1), or pungent (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; ascending (1), or spreading (1), or deflexed (1); linear (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (1); unilateral (1), or multilateral (1). Central inflorescence axis woody; tip spinose. Rhachis flattened (1), or angular (1); terminating in a spikelet (1), or barren extension (1); extension subulate (1/1). Spikelet packing crowded (1), or lax (1). Spikelets ascending (1), or deflexed (1); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets (1), or 6-8 fertile florets, or 9-12 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-8-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets (1), or 6-8 fertile florets, or 9-12 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-8-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.8 length of upper glume; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; membranous (1), or coriaceous (1); keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (1); eciliate (1), or ciliolate (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Namibia

    Introduced into:

    Oregon

    Cladoraphis Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 673 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0