1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cleistochloa C.E.Hubb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea to E. Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (2). Culms erect (2), or geniculately ascending (1); 30-55-90 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches sparse (1), or ample (1), or suffrutescent (1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (2), or deciduous at the ligule (1); stiff.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle (1), or composed of racemes (2). Panicle contracted (1/1). Racemes single (2/2); paucilateral (2/2); bearing few fertile spikelets (2/2); bearing 2-6 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Rhachis angular (2/2). Spikelet packing adaxial (2/2); lax (2/2). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4.466-5.6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous; base truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4.466-5.6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous; base truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (2), or two (1); shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate (1/1); hyaline (1/1); without keels (1/1); 0 -veined (1/1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1/1). Lower glume apex truncate (1/1), or acute (1/1). Upper glume elliptic (2), or oblong (2); 0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous (1), or scarious (2); without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous (1), or villous (2). Upper glume apex truncate (1), or acute (2), or acuminate (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (2), or oblong (2); 1 length of fertile lemma; membranous; 5-6 -veined (2), or 7 -veined; without ribs (2), or ribbed (1); truncate (1), or acute (2). Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic; dorsally compressed; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined (1/1). Lemma lateral veins obscure (2/2). Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins eciliate, or ciliolate (1). Lemma apex acute. Palea not rolled (2), or involute (1); 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined (1/1); without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (1/1); fleshy (1/1). Anthers 3. Stigmas 2 (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid (1/1). Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes present; in upper sheaths.
    Distribution
    Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Guinea, New South Wales, Queensland

    Cleistochloa C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 33: t. 3209 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0