1. Family: Oxalidaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Oxalis L.
      1. Oxalis barrelieri L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Oxalidaceae, Christine H. S. Kabuye  (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect branched herb, often woody at the base, 15–60 cm. high, densely leafy from the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or fasciculate, pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, glabrous above and hairy beneath; terminal leaflet the largest, 13–55 mm. long and 9–31 mm. wide, with a stalk up to 10 mm. long, the lateral ones 12–35 mm. long and 5–24 mm. wide, subsessile; petiole about as long as the terminal leaflet, tomentose and not widening into a stipule at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence cymose, determinate at first, becoming bifid and indeterminate with branches up to20 mm. long, but sometimes contracted and umbelliform; peduncles axillary near ends of stem and branches, 4–7 cm. long; bracts linear, 1–1.5 mm. long, acute, pubescent; pedicels 2–5 mm. long, jointed at 1 mm. from the base.
    Calyx
    Sepals linear-lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm. long, acute, membranous, puberulous.
    Corolla
    Petals white, pink or purplish, with 2 yellow spots at the base, spathulate, cuneate, 7–8 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-tube 1.5 mm. long; long filaments dentate in the middle, puberulous; short filaments not dentate, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary oblong, glabrous; styles longer than both stamen whorls, or intermediate between them in length and hirsute, or shorter and glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid to oblong, ending bluntly at each end, up to 11 mm. long and 4.5 mm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 per locule, 2.5 mm. long, flattened, ± 4-angled, acuminate, rugose.
    Habitat
    In forest clearings, also a weed of roadsides and cultivated ground; 900–1220 m.
    Distribution
    T3 U4 probably introduced from tropical America and the West Indies

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Introduced into:

    Cameroon, Caroline Is., Christmas I., Fiji, Ivory Coast, Marianas, Samoa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Oxalis barrelieri L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11077], Cameroon K000199833
    Aug 1, 2005 Harvey, Y.B. [86], Cameroon K000199835
    May 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5101], Cameroon K000199834
    Sep 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10177], Cameroon K000008095
    Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2763], Cameroon K000008090
    Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1630], Cameroon K000008091
    Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [277], Cameroon K000094347
    Sep 1, 2002 Ryan, P. [251], Cameroon K000008092
    Sep 1, 2002 Ryan, P. [334], Cameroon K000008093
    Sep 1, 2002 Pollard, B.J. [96], Cameroon K000008094
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [672], Cameroon K000540165
    Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [2128], Cameroon K000094349
    Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [3484], Cameroon K000094350
    Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [4042], Cameroon K000094351
    Jan 1, 1957 Smith, H.H. [1355], Colombia K000531636
    Kallunki, J.A. [322], Brazil K001198197
    Ule, E. [5473], Brazil K001198203
    Eiten, G. [7789], Brazil K001198200
    Lourteig, A. [129], Brazil K001198201
    Nelson, B.W. [1541], Brazil K001198198
    Dusén, P. [11484], Brazil K001198202
    Mexia, I. [6067], Brazil K001198204
    Lima, J. [767], Brazil K001198199
    Prance, G.T. [4324], Brazil K001198208
    Prance, G.T. [11250], Brazil K001198210
    Lowrie, S.R. [403], Brazil K001198209
    Traill, J.W.H. [98], Brazil K001198207
    Burchell [8215], Brazil K001198205
    Burchell [11001], Brazil K001198206

    First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 624 (1762)

    Accepted by

    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Kabuye, C.H.S. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Oxalidaceae: 1-19.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Kabuye, C.H.S. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Oxalidaceae: 1-19.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 130: 65, fig. 5/A (1930).
    • Jacq., Oxal.: 24, t. 3 (1794).
    • L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2: 624 (1762).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0