1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Craspedorhachis Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of several to many (rarely just 1) racemes, these digitate or scattered along a central axis; racemes bearing appressed spikelets on a flat rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1-flowered without rhachilla extension, sessile, alternate in 2 rows on a tough axis, disarticulating above the glumes; glumes unequal, firmly membranous, 1-nerved, acute, the inferior keeled, the superior dorsally broadly rounded and deciduous; lemma 1/3–1/2 as long as the glumes, dorsally broadly rounded, hyaline, obtuse.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ellipsoid.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (2), or short (1). Culms erect (1/1); 50-80.83-120 cm long; firm (2), or wiry (1). Ligule a ciliolate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes digitate; unilateral. Rhachis wingless (1), or narrowly winged (2); flattened. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.866-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.866-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes lower persistent, upper deciduous; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong (1), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; hyaline; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (2); hairy on back (1/2), or on veins (1/2). Lemma apex obtuse. Palea hyaline. Palea keels eciliate (1), or ciliolate (2).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Craspedorhachis Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 14: t. 1377 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 14: t. 1377 (1882).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0