1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cutandia Willk.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to Mauretania, Medit. to Central Asia and Pakistan.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect (4), or geniculately ascending (4), or decumbent (4); slender (1/1); 5-19.91-38 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades persistent (4), or deciduous at the ligule (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle, or composed of racemes (1); exserted (4), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (2). Panicle open. Panicle axis bearing persistent branches (3), or deciduous branches (3). Racemes single (1/1); unilateral (1/1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear (1), or oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (2), or 3-4 fertile florets (4), or 5 fertile florets, or 6-7 fertile florets (4), or 8 fertile florets (3), or 9-12 fertile florets (2); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear (4), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (1); laterally compressed; 5-10.29-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (3), or pubescent (3).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (2), or 3-4 fertile florets (4), or 5 fertile florets, or 6-7 fertile florets (4), or 8 fertile florets (3), or 9-12 fertile florets (2); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear (4), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (1); laterally compressed; 5-10.29-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (3), or pubescent (3).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma (1), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (5). Lower glume lanceolate; 0.4-0.6875-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous (5), or chartaceous (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined (5), or 3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (5), or distinct (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (5), or acuminate (1); muticous (5), or mucronate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (5), or ovate (1); 0.66-0.7933-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (5), or chartaceous (1); with undifferentiated margins (5), or membranous margins (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined (4), or 3 -veined (2), or 4-5 -veined (1). Upper glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (5), or acuminate (1); muticous (5), or mucronate (1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (4), or elliptic (2); membranous (5), or coriaceous (1); keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness, or scaberulous (1). Lemma surface smooth (5), or scaberulous (1); glabrous, or pubescent (1). Lemma apex entire (5), or dentate (2); 2 -fid (2/2); emarginate (2/5), or truncate (1/5), or obtuse (2/5), or acute (2/5), or apiculate (1/5); muticous (4), or mucronate (3), or awned (1). Principal lemma awn apical (2/3), or from a sinus (1/3). Palea keels smooth (5), or scabrous (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear (1/1); trigonous (1/1). Embryo 0.1-0.125-0.15 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (5/5).
    Distribution
    Europe (4), or Africa (4), or Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia (1), or North America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Yugoslavia

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara

    Introduced into:

    California

    Cutandia Willk. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 18: 130 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0