1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cyphochlaena Hack.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Comoros, Madagascar.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent (1), or prostrate (1); 10-40.5-60 cm long. Lateral branches ample (1/1). Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (1). Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; erect (1), or ascending; unilateral. Rhachis angular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes, or rudimentary, or well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes awned (1/1). Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; 1.3-1.925-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes, or rudimentary, or well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes awned (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; 1.3-1.925-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or ovate (1); membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (1), or attenuate (1); awned. Upper glume lanceolate (1), or oblong (1), or ovate (1); indurate; 1-keeled; 3 -veined (1/1). Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblate; indurate; acute (1/1). Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; not gibbous (1), or gibbous (1); hyaline; keeled; 0 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (1). Palea hyaline; 3 -veined (1/1); without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3 (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Madagascar

    Cyphochlaena Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 51: 465 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0