1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cyrtococcum Stapf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (6), or perennial (6). Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (5), or prostrate (4), or rambling (4); 5-43.27-120 cm long; rooting from lower nodes (10/10). Lateral branches ample (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (11), or a ciliolate membrane (1). Leaf-blades linear (2), or lanceolate, or elliptic (4), or ovate (3); membranous (1), or herbaceous (11); firm (11), or flaccid (1). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (9), or with obscure cross veins (1), or with distinct cross veins (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; exserted (11), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Panicle open (10), or contracted (2). Primary panicle branches not whorled (11), or whorled at lower nodes (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (7/9), or linear (2/9).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; 1.2-1.671-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; 1.2-1.671-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (1), or ovate; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (11), or 4-5 -veined (2). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (11). Lower glume surface glabrous (10), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1), or hispid (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (11), or acuminate (1). Upper glume elliptic (1), or oblong (11); gibbous; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined (8), or 4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (4), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (2). Upper glume surface glabrous (8), or puberulous (2), or pubescent (2), or hispidulous (2), or hispid (1); with simple hairs (4/5), or tubercle-based hairs (1/5). Upper glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (8), or cuspidate (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (4), or barren (9); with palea (5), or without significant palea (8). Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; membranous; 3 -veined (2), or 4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (10), or 7 -veined (1); obtuse (8), or acute (4), or cuspidate (1). Fertile lemma ovate (1), or orbicular (1), or obovate (10); laterally compressed; gibbous; hemispherical (1/1); coriaceous (3), or indurate (9); without keel; 5 -veined (9/9), or 6-7 -veined (2/9). Lemma lateral veins obscure (9/9). Lemma surface smooth (11), or punctate (1). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (4/6), or acute (2/6); without ornament (3), or with a little green crest (9), or with a green spot (1). Palea embraced by lemma (3), or reflexed at apex (9); involute; coriaceous (3), or indurate (9); 2 -veined (9/9). Palea keels wingless (11), or winged (1).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3 (7/7).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (7/7); ovoid (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1); plano-convex (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa (9), or Temperate Asia (2), or Tropical Asia (5), or Australasia (3), or Pacific (3), or North America (1), or South America (1).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials with decumbent or creeping culms
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly ovate; ligule membranous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an open or somewhat contracted panicle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets obliquely obovate in profile, strongly laterally compressed (weakly so in C. multinode); glumes thinly membranous, 1/2–4/5 as long as the spikelet, obtuse; lower floret barren, its lemma as long as the spikelet, obtuse or rarely mucronate; upper lemma as long as the spikelet, subcoriaceous to crustaceous, smooth to punctate, gibbous, crested near the tip, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea; palea tip reflexed
    Fruits
    Caryopsis laterally compressed, asymmetrical, hemiovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Jamaica, Mexico Southeast, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Cyrtococcum Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 15 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 9: 745 (1920).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in FT.A. 9: 745 (1920)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0