1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Dilophotriche (C.E.Hubb.) Jacq.-Fél.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (1), or perennial (2). Culms erect (1/1); 30-66.66-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets in pairs (1), or in threes. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster (1), or 3 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.15-7.358-12 mm long; falling entire (1), or breaking up at maturity (2); deciduous with the pedicel (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (2/2). Floret callus evident (1), or elongated (2); pubescent (2), or pilose (1); truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.15-7.358-12 mm long; falling entire (1), or breaking up at maturity (2); deciduous with the pedicel (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (2/2). Floret callus evident (1), or elongated (2); pubescent (2), or pilose (1); truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent (2/2); reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface hispid (2), or setose (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous (1), or hispid (2); with simple hairs (1), or tubercle-based hairs (2). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate, or elliptic (1), or oblong (1); chartaceous; 3 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or oblong (2); coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined (2), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (2). Lemma surface pubescent; with a transverse row of hair tufts. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate (2), or contiguous above a sulcus (1); unthickened (2), or thickened (1); wingless (2), or winged (1).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid (1/1). Hilum linear (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Dilophotriche (C.E.Hubb.) Jacq.-Fél. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Agric. Trop. Bot. Appl. 7: 407 (1960)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0