1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Eccoptocarpha Launert

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear; ligule represented by a line of hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes borne upon a common axis; rhachis triquetrous, bearing single spikelets, their lower glume adaxial
    Spikelets
    Spikelets obovate-elliptic, obtuse; lower glume 3/4 the length of the spikelet; upper glume with prominent cross-veins, resembling a woven fabric; lower floret sterile, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper floret crustaceous, shorter than the spikelet, stipitate, the stipe at first S-shaped but straightening at maturity to extrude the floret; upper palea obtuse, only its margins clasped by the lemma, its tip tucked in
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic, dorsally compressed.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis, the spikelets single and adaxial.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets obovate.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 3/4 length of spikelet. Superior glume and inferior lemma as long as spikelet, with prominent cross-nerves and resembling woven fabric.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma shorter than spikelet, crustaceous, obtuse, supported on an S-shaped internode which eventually straightens to extrude the floret.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; 40-75 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis semiterete. Spikelet packing adaxial; 1 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 3.2-3.8 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation sinuous but straightening at maturity to extrude floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 3.2-3.8 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation sinuous but straightening at maturity to extrude floret.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume elliptic; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Eccoptocarpha Launert appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Senckenberg. Biol. 46: 124 (1965)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Senck. Biol. 46: 124 (1965).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Senck. Biol. 46: 124 (1965)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0