1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Echinopogon P.Beauv.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Lesser Sunda Islands to New Guinea, S. & E. Australia to New Zealand.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (2), or elongated (5). Culms erect (6), or geniculately ascending; 10-50.71-100 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (6/6). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (3); stiff (1), or firm (6). Leaf-blade apex muticous, or pungent (3).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform (5), or capitate (5). Spikelets appressed (2/6), or ascending (2/6), or spreading (4/6); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (3), or oblong (4); laterally compressed; 2.5-5.071-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus brief (4), or evident (3); pubescent (3/6), or bearded (3/6).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (2), or lanceolate (3), or oblong (4); laterally compressed; 2.5-5.071-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus brief (4), or evident (3); pubescent (3/6), or bearded (3/6).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets (4), or exceeding apex of florets (3); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous (6), or chartaceous (1), or scarious (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous (5), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (2), or acute (4), or acuminate (1), or attenuate (2). Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.107-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (6), or chartaceous (1), or scarious (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (3), or ciliolate (4), or ciliate (2). Upper glume surface glabrous (5), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1). Upper glume apex obtuse (2), or acute (4), or acuminate (1), or attenuate (2).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or oblong (2); cartilaginous; keeled; 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (6), or 8-9 -veined (1). Lemma surface glabrous (6), or hispidulous (1). Lemma apex entire (3), or dentate (6); 2 -fid (6/6); emarginate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (6); mucronate (1), or awned (6); 1 -awned (3/6), or 3 -awned (4/6). Principal lemma awn apical (3), or from a sinus (6). Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal (4/4). Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (6), or scaberulous (1), or scabrous (1); eciliate (3), or ciliolate (6).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous (3/6), or pubescent on apex (4/6).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid (1/3), or oblong (2/3). Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Tropical Asia (2), or Australasia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chatham Is., Lesser Sunda Is., New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Echinopogon P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ess. Agrostogr.: 42 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0