1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Entolasia Stapf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, New Guinea to E. & SE. Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (4), or elongated (1). Culms erect (2/5), or geniculately ascending (3/5), or decumbent (3/5), or rambling (2/5); 5-72.5-200 cm long; firm (3), or wiry (3); without nodal roots (2/3), or rooting from lower nodes (3/3). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (4), or deciduous at the ligule (2); linear (5), or lanceolate (3); stiff (3), or firm (3). Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (2/3), or evident (1/3). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (5/5).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; erect (4), or ascending (2); unilateral; bearing 2 fertile spikelets on each (3/4), or 3-4 fertile spikelets on each (4/4), or 5-10 fertile spikelets on each (3/4), or 11-12 fertile spikelets on each (2/4), or 13-14 fertile spikelets on each (1/4). Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing adaxial (5/5); 2 -rowed (5/5). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (1/5), or linear (4/5).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (5); dorsally compressed; 2.2-3.537-6.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (5); dorsally compressed; 2.2-3.537-6.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets (1), or exceeding apex of florets (5); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate (4), or oblate (2); hyaline (2), or membranous (4); without keels; 0-1 -veined (3). Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (5), or acuminate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or elliptic (4), or ovate (1); 1-1.066-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (2), or herbaceous (4); without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous (2). Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (5).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (4), or ovate (2); membranous (2), or herbaceous (4); 5 -veined (5/5); obtuse (1), or acute (5). Fertile lemma elliptic (4), or oblong (2); dorsally compressed; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined (5/5). Lemma lateral veins obscure (5/5). Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (4), or acute (3). Palea involute; coriaceous; 2 -veined (5/5). Palea surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (5).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis oblong (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa (2), or Tropical Asia (2), or Australasia (4), or Pacific (1).
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis, the spikelets borne singly on the rhachis or in neat appressed secondary racemelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly elliptic.
    Glume
    Inferior glume short, triangular, the superior as long as spikelet.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma coriaceous, pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat or rolled; ligule represented by a line of hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes arranged along a central axis, the racemes sometimes compound; rhachis triquetrous, bearing the spikelets singly, the lower glume adaxial
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly elliptic, dorsally compressed, glabrous, acute; lower glume small; upper glume as long as the spikelet, membranous; lower floret sterile, without a palea, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma coriaceous, pubescent, obtuse to subacute, its margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the obtuse to subacute palea
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic, dorsally compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Tanzania, Uganda, Victoria, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, New Zealand North

    Entolasia Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 739 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 9: 739 (1920).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in F.T.A. 9: 739 (1920).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in F.T.A. 9: 739 (1920)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0