1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Eremochloa Buse

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to E. Queensland.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (8), or elongated (5). Culms erect (8/9), or geniculately ascending (5/9), or decumbent (1/9); 6.08-38.48-80 cm long. Lateral branches ample (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (10), or a ciliolate membrane (2), or a fringe of hairs (1). Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (1); stiff (1), or firm (12).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal (12), or terminal and axillary (1). Racemes single, or paired (2); unilateral. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened (2/10), or angular (4/10), or subterete (4/10). Spikelet packing crowded (1), or contiguous (12). Rhachis internodes linear (2), or columnar (1), or clavate (9), or cuneate (2). Rhachis internode tip crateriform (7/7). Spikelets appressed (12), or ascending (1); in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform (1), or linear (5), or narrowly elliptic (5), or cuneate (2).
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by barren pedicels (10), or represented by awns (2), or rudimentary (2). Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (5), or oblong (3), or ovate (5), or obovate (1); dorsally compressed; 3-4.495-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous (2/7), or pubescent (3/7), or pilose (2/7), or bearded (2/7); base truncate; simple (3), or with central boss (10); attached transversely (10/10).
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by barren pedicels (10), or represented by awns (2), or rudimentary (2).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (5), or oblong (3), or ovate (5), or obovate (1); dorsally compressed; 3-4.495-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous (2/7), or pubescent (3/7), or pilose (2/7), or bearded (2/7); base truncate; simple (3), or with central boss (10); attached transversely (10/10).
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (4), or oblong (4), or ovate (5); chartaceous (3), or coriaceous (10); 2-keeled; wingless (5), or winged on keel (8); 4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (3), or 6 -veined (4), or 7 -veined (10), or 8 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (2). Lower glume surface convex (2), or flat (11); glabrous, or puberulous (3), or pilose (1). Lower glume apex emarginate (1/9), or truncate (3/9), or obtuse (2/9), or acute (5/9); muticous (12), or awned (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (4), or oblong (3), or ovate (4); chartaceous (10), or coriaceous (3); 1-keeled; wingless (6), or winged on keel (7); 3 -veined (11/12), or 5 -veined (1/12). Upper glume lateral veins transversely connected at apex (3/4), or with cross-veins (1/4). Upper glume surface glabrous (12), or puberulous (1). Upper glume apex acute (8/10), or acuminate (2/10).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (12), or barren (1); with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (7), or oblong (3), or ovate (3); hyaline; 0 -veined (1/2), or 2 -veined (1/2); obtuse (4/6), or acute (2/6). Fertile lemma elliptic (7), or oblong (3), or ovate (3); hyaline; without keel; 0 -veined (2/4), or 2 -veined (1/4), or 5 -veined (1/4). Lemma apex obtuse (7/8), or acute (1/8). Palea 0.1-0.9214-1 length of lemma; hyaline (12), or membranous (1); 0 -veined (1/1); without keels (2), or 2-keeled (11).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (1/1). Anthers 3 (12/12).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1); ellipsoid (3/4), or ovoid (1/4). Embryo 0.75 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic (1/1).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia, or Australasia (3), or Pacific (1), or North America (1), or South America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, New South Wales, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Victoria, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, California, Costa Rica, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Honduras, Japan, Louisiana, Malawi, Marianas, Masachusettes, Mexico Northwest, Mississippi, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

    Eremochloa Buse appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in F.A.W.Miquel, Pl. Jungh., prepr.: 17 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0