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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Garnotia Brongn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Aldabra to Seychelles, S. Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Pacific.

    [GB]

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    Habit
    Annual (6/29), or perennial (23/29). Rhizomes absent (30), or elongated (1). Culms erect (10/24), or geniculately ascending (8/24), or decumbent (14/24), or prostrate (5/24), or rambling (1/24); robust (3/12), or of moderate stature (1/12), or slender (7/12), or weak (2/12); 5-61.6-170 cm long; firm (29), or wiry (2); without nodal roots (4/6), or rooting from lower nodes (6/6). Lateral branches lacking (2/2), or sparse (1/2). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (28), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (3). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (30), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (17), or a ciliolate membrane (16), or a ciliate membrane (2). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (30), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (1). Leaf-blades filiform (1), or linear (24), or lanceolate (6); membranous (3), or herbaceous (27), or coriaceous (1); stiff (1), or firm (30).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (10), or contracted (23). Spikelets ascending (1/1); solitary (26), or in pairs (7), or in threes (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster (1/1). Pedicels linear (2/2), or oblong (1/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed (29), or subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (1); 2-3.877-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous (15/30), or pubescent (16/30), or pilose (5/30), or bearded (2/30); base obtuse (30/30); attached transversely (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed (29), or subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (1); 2-3.877-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous (15/30), or pubescent (16/30), or pilose (5/30), or bearded (2/30); base obtuse (30/30); attached transversely (1/1).
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets (23), or exceeding apex of florets (8); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-1.006-1.1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels (1/30), or 1-keeled (29/30); 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (30), or ribbed (1). Lower glume surface smooth (17), or asperulous (1), or scabrous (13); glabrous (30), or pilose (2), or hispid (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (16), or acuminate (26), or attenuate (3), or setaceously attenuate (3); muticous (24), or mucronate (6), or awned (17). Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.058-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels (1/30), or 1-keeled (29/30); 3 -veined (30/30), or 4-5 -veined (1/30). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (30), or ribbed (1). Upper glume surface smooth (19), or scabrous (12); glabrous (30), or pilose (2), or hispid (1). Upper glume apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (19), or acuminate (25), or attenuate (3), or setaceously attenuate (3); muticous (25), or mucronate (6), or awned (15); 1 -awned (15/15).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (2), or oblong (29); cartilaginous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (30), or scaberulous (1); glabrous, or pubescent (1). Lemma margins flat (1), or involute (30); exposing palea (1), or interlocking with palea keels (30). Lemma apex entire (20), or dentate (11), or lobed (1); 2 -fid (12/12); acute (4/15), or acuminate (12/15); muticous (9), or awned (28); 1 -awned (27/28), or 3 -awned (1/28). Principal lemma awn apical (16/28), or from a sinus (13/28); straight (14/28), or curved (5/28), or flexuous (7/28), or geniculate (12/28); attenuate (26/28), or with thread-like crinkled tip (2/28). Palea 1 length of lemma; cartilaginous; 2 -veined (30/30). Palea keels wingless (2), or winged (29).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (28/28); fleshy (28/28). Anthers 3 (1/1). Ovary glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Hilum punctiform (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (6), or Tropical Asia (20), or Australasia (1), or Pacific (11).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Oman, Philippines, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Garnotia Brongn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in L.I.Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan.: 132 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Veldkamp, J.F., Teerawatananon, A. & Sungkaew, S. (2015). A revision of Garnotia (Gramineae) in Malesia and Thailand Blumea 59: 229-237.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0