1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Germainia Balansa & Poitr.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (3), or perennial (6). Stolons absent (8), or present (1). Culms erect (1/1); slender (1/1); 5-49.68-150 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (4/6), or ample (2/6). Ligule an eciliate membrane (3), or a ciliolate membrane (2), or a ciliate membrane (2), or a fringe of hairs (2). Leaf-blades linear (5), or lanceolate (4).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (8), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1); exserted (8), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Racemes single (5), or paired (4), or digitate (3); side by side (4/5), or appressed back to back (1/5); erect (3), or ascending (6); linear (3), or oblong (6); bearing few fertile spikelets (6), or many spikelets (3); bearing 1-5-15 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis evident (4), or obsolete (5); angular (2/3), or subterete (1/3). Rhachis internodes indefinite (2/4), or filiform (1/4), or linear (1/4). Spikelets in pairs (7), or in threes (2). Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster (7), or 2 in the cluster (2). Pedicels linear (1/1); tip discoid (1/1).
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent (7), or well-developed (3); not involucral (1/3), or forming an involucre about the fertile (2/3). Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1); subterete (8), or dorsally compressed (1); 2.5-5.454-11 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief (2), or oblong (1), or cuneate (1), or linear (5); pilose (5/5); base obtuse (2), or acute (1), or pungent (6); attached transversely (1/8), or attached obliquely (7/8). Basal sterile spikelets absent (7), or well-developed (3); not involucral (1/3), or forming an involucre about the fertile (2/3). Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1); subterete (8), or dorsally compressed (1); 2.5-5.454-11 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief (2), or oblong (1), or cuneate (1), or linear (5); pilose (5/5); base obtuse (2), or acute (1), or pungent (6); attached transversely (1/8), or attached obliquely (7/8).
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets (8), or exceeding apex of florets (1); firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (5), or elliptic (1), or oblong (3), or ovate (1); 0.9-1.137-1.2 length of upper glume; membranous (1), or chartaceous (6), or coriaceous (2); without keels; 0 -veined (2), or 1-2 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (8), or 4-5 -veined (4). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (8). Lower glume surface glabrous (6), or pilose (3). Lower glume apex entire (8), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); truncate (5/8), or obtuse (6/8), or acute (1/8). Upper glume lanceolate (4), or elliptic (1), or oblong (4), or ovate (1); membranous (1), or chartaceous (6), or coriaceous (2); without keels; 0 -veined (2), or 1 -veined (3), or 2 -veined (2), or 3 -veined (7). Upper glume surface glabrous (7), or pilose (2). Upper glume apex entire (8), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); truncate (4/8), or obtuse (6/8), or acute (1/8).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong (7/7), or ovate (1/7); hyaline; 0 -veined (1/1); truncate (2/4), or obtuse (1/4), or acute (1/4). Fertile lemma linear (7/7); hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined (4/4). Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate (8), or bigeniculate (1). Column of lemma awn pubescent (7), or ciliate (1), or hirtellous (1). Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (3/3); ellipsoid (1/1); biconvex (1/1). Embryo 0.5-0.625-0.75 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia (8), or Australasia (3).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Laos, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Queensland, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

    Germainia Balansa & Poitr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 7: 344 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0