1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Gilgiochloa Pilg.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Rwanda to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Panicle spiciform, the pedicels ± accrescent to the axis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets puiplish, disarticulating beneath each floret.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma 5–7-nerved, its palea becoming thickened and hardened like a chip of wood. Superior lemma with hair tufts on margin and at base of awn, bilobed, with a deciduous geniculate awn; callus oblong, truncate: palea keels like Danthoniopsis.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, crinkled on one margin; ligule a ciliate fringe
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical spike-like panicle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets pale green or purplish, disarticulating beneath each floret, the lower floret barren; glumes thinly membranous, 3-nerved, unequal, the lower 1/2 as long as the spikelet and long-awned, the upper as long as the spikelet and shortly awned; lower lemma as long as the spikelet, thinly membranous, 5–7-nerved; lower palea becoming thickened and hardened; upper lemma thinly coriaceous, 5-nerved, 2-lobed, the lobes awned, with 1 or 2 tufts of hair below each lobe and awned from the sinus; callus short, truncate; palea narrowly winged, the wings terminating in clavate appendages, glabrous; stamens 3
    Fruits
    Caryopsis lanceolate, glabrous, the hilum linear.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-90 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent; truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent; truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute; awned. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acuminate. Palea of lower sterile floret woody. Fertile lemma oblong; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; with a transverse row of hair tufts. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.2-0.3 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; with clavate appendages on wings.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia

    Gilgiochloa Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 416 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Bot. Jahrb. 51: 415 (1914).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hubbard in F.T.A. 10: 82 (1937)
    • in E.J. 51: 415 (1914)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0