1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Harpochloa Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a solitary raceme bearing pectinate spikelets on a semiterete (crescentic in section) rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–4-flowered, sessile, alternate in 2 rows on a tough axis, disarticulating above the glumes but not between the florets; glumes unequal, the inferior shorter than the superior, membranous, keeled, the superior firmer in texture, deciduous, as long as the spikelet, dorsally rounded; lowermost floret fertile; fertile lemma laterally compressed, cartilaginous, bidenticulate, awnless; distal florets male or sterile, the third and fourth enclosed within the second, all awnless.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ellipsoid, trigonous.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 30-75-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform (1), or linear (1); herbaceous (1), or coriaceous (1); stiff (1), or firm (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Racemes single; unilateral. Rhachis semiterete; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or oblong (1); laterally compressed; 6-7.25-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or oblong (1); laterally compressed; 6-7.25-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes lower persistent, upper deciduous; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma (1), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (1); parallel to lemmas (1), or gaping (1). Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.6025-0.75 length of upper glume; hyaline (1), or membranous (1); without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline (1), or membranous (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong (1), or ovate (1); laterally compressed; membranous (1), or chartaceous (1); keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex emarginate. Palea 0.8-0.85-0.9 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets 2 in number; male (1), or barren; separate (1), or in a clump (1); cuneate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid (1/1); isodiametric (1/1); trigonous (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre

    Harpochloa Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 1: 92 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Révis. Gramin. 1: 92 (1829).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0