1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Holcolemma Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Tanzania, India, Sri Lanka, NE. Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (2), or rambling (1); slender (2/2); 10-38.33-60 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades firm (2), or flaccid (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (1), or contracted (2). Primary panicle branches sterile at the tips. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2); dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.083-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2); dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.083-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; not gibbous (2), or gibbous (1); hyaline (1), or membranous (2); without keels; 3 -veined (2), or 7 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (2), or acute (1). Upper glume oblong (1), or ovate (2); hyaline (1), or membranous (2); without keels; 3 -veined (2), or 4-5 -veined (1), or 11 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (1). Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong (2), or ovate (1); membranous (2), or herbaceous (1); 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined; sulcate; obtuse (1), or acute (2). Palea of lower sterile floret becoming indurate on keels at maturity; winged on keels. Fertile lemma elliptic (2), or ovate (1); not gibbous (2), or gibbous (1); indurate; without keel; 5 -veined (1/1). Lemma surface granulose; rugulose (1), or rugose (2). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (1), or acute (2); muticous (2), or mucronate (1). Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1); ellipsoid (1/1); dorsally compressed (1/1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
    Distribution
    Africa (2), or Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia (1).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Slender annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat; ligule very shortly membranous with a ciliate fringe
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spiciform panicle, at least the larger branchlets terminating in a bristle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong to lanceolate, ± plano-convex, awnless; glumes both shorter than the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, as long as the spikelet, the lemma herbaceous, sulcate, the palea hyaline except for the enlarged coriaceous keels which clasp the sides of the upper lemma; upper lemma crustaceous, gibbous, rugose or granular, its margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic-oblong, dorsally compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Kenya, Queensland, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania

    Holcolemma Stapf & C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 244 (1929)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in K.B. 32: 773 (1978)
    • in K.B. 1929: 244 (1929)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0