1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Hylebates Chippind.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate; ligule a very short hairy membrane
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, dorsally compressed; lower glume ovate, up to 1/3 the length of the spikelet and clasping its base; upper glume about as long as the spikelet; lower floret sterile, represented by a membranous lemma as long as the spikelet and abruptly terminating in a short awn; upper lemma thinly chartaceous, acute, dull, its flat thin margins enfolding and concealing the palea
    Fruits
    Caryopsis subglobose.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms prostrate; 40-100-150 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; flaccid.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (1), or linear (1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2-2.75-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (1), or elongated between glumes (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2-2.75-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (1), or elongated between glumes (1).
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.8-0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose (1). Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; membranous; 5 -veined; acute; awned. Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous. Lemma margins covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous; without keels.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Hylebates Chippind. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. S. African Bot. 11: 127 (1945)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 11: 127 (1945).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 11: 127 (1945)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0