1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pariana Aubl.
      1. Pariana setosa Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Colombia to Ecuador.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 80-120 cm long. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long; brown. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.8 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20-30 cm long; 30-58 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Synflorescence on the same culm as leaves. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; multilateral; 15-20 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Rhachis internodes linear. Sexes mixed (in a cluster at each node). Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 5 in a cluster. Involucre composed of imperfect spikelets; with pedicels forming a cup; oblong. Pedicels fused to each other; united along margins; oblong; flattened; tip rectangular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 6-8 mm long; hairy (glume margins). Male spikelet glumes 2; linear; 6-8 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 6-8 mm long; with cross-veins.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 7-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 7-8 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma ovate; 5.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Stigmas 2.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 6-8 mm long; hairy (glume margins). Male spikelet glumes 2; linear; 6-8 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 6-8 mm long; with cross-veins.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Parianeae. Gr Peru 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 280 - 640 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador

    Pariana setosa Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 273 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0