1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pariana Aubl.
      1. Pariana ulei Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Colombia
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 30-50 cm long. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 13-16 cm long; 37-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Synflorescence on a separate leafless culm. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; multilateral; 5-7 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Rhachis internodes linear. Sexes mixed (in a cluster at each node). Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 6 in a cluster. Involucre composed of imperfect spikelets; with pedicels forming a cup; oblong. Pedicels fused to each other; united along margins; oblong; flattened; 3 mm long; pubescent; hairy at base; tip rectangular; winged.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; orbicular; 1 mm long. Anthers 20. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 2.
    Spikelets
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 6-7 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2; lanceolate and ovate (unequal); 3.5-4 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 6-7 mm long. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 6-7 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2; lanceolate and ovate (unequal); 3.5-4 mm long. Male spikelet lemma 6-7 mm long.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Parianeae. Tutin 1995.
    Diagnostic
    Male glumes unequal; male glumes decurrent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Pariana ulei Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 11, 1996 Calderon, C.E. [2496], Brazil K000947280
    Apr 11, 1996 Steward, W.C. [P12769], Brazil K000947279
    Spruce, R. [2819], Brazil K000433399
    Ule [5307], Amazonas K000433400

    First published in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 6: 112 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0