1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Leptocarydion Hochst. ex Stapf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broad and flat; ligule very short, membranous, minutely ciliate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence dense and spike-like, composed of numerous crowded slender racemes
    Spikelets
    Spikelets laterally compressed, imbricate, subsessile or shortly pedicelled, appressed to the very slender rhachis of the secund spike-like racemes, disarticulating between the florets; glumes persistent, unequal, keeled, 1-nerved; lemmas exserted from the glumes, membranous, narrow in profile, keeled, awned from the entire or minutely toothed tip, lateral nerves silky-ciliate, lowest lemma occasionally glabrous or with only a few hairs; palea shorter than the lemma
    Fruits
    Caryopsis linear, obtusely trigonous in cross-section.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms 10-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; in a multilateral false spike; appressed; unilateral. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile, or pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-11 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-11 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2-4 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical, or from a sinus. Palea 0.7 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea surface pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 2. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; isodiametric; trigonous. Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa, or Temperate Asia.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Spikelets
    Spikelets shortly pedicelled, several-flowered, subsessile, laterally compressed, imbricate, appressed to the very slender rhachis of the secund, spike-like racemes, disarticulating above the glumes and between the florets; glumes persistent, unequal, keeled, 1-nerved, shorter than the spikelet; lemmas membranous, keeled, 3-nerved, awned from the entire or minutely toothed apex, the lateral nerves silky-ciliate (the lowermost lemma occasionally glabrous or with only a few hairs).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis linear, obtusely trigonous in section.
    Habit
    Inflorescence dense and spike-like, comprising numerous crowded racemes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Leptocarydion Hochst. ex Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 316 (1898)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in F.C. 7: 316 (1898).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Fl. Cap. 7: 316 (1898)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0