1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Luziola Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons absent (9), or present (2). Culms erect (3/10), or geniculately ascending (2/10), or decumbent (4/10), or prostrate (3/10); slender (4/4); 5-42.5-115 cm long; spongy (2), or firm (9); rooting from lower nodes (4/4). Lateral branches ample (3/3). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (7), or erect (4). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (2).
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence (2), or with male and female spikelets in different inflorescences (9). Inflorescence a panicle (9), or composed of racemes (2), or comprising only a few spikelets (1); terminal (3), or axillary (8); exserted (8), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (3). Panicle open (8/9), or contracted (1/9). Primary panicle branches without sterile bristles (8/9), or sterile at the tips (1/9). Racemes single (1/2), or paired (1/2); ascending (1/2), or deflexed (1/2); bearing few fertile spikelets (2/2); bearing 1 fertile spikelets on each (1/2), or 2-3 fertile spikelets on each (2/2), or 4-6 fertile spikelets on each (1/2). Sexes segregated (2/2); on bisexual branches (2/2); with male above (2/2). Spikelets appressed (2/3), or spreading (1/3); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (1/2), or oblong (1/2); tip cupuliform (2/2). Male inflorescence terminal (9/9); unlike female (9/9); a panicle (7/9), or a single raceme (2/9). Male spikelets distinct from female; linear (3), or lanceolate (3), or elliptic (3), or oblong (3), or ovate (1). Male spikelet glumes absent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (1), or elliptic (3), or ovate (3), or orbicular (3), or oblanceolate (1); laterally compressed (1), or subterete (10); 0.83-2.905-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (1), or elliptic (3), or ovate (3), or orbicular (3), or oblanceolate (1); laterally compressed (1), or subterete (10); 0.83-2.905-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (7), or orbicular (3); membranous; without keel; 5 -veined (3), or 6 -veined (2), or 7 -veined (7), or 8 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (3), or 10 -veined (1), or 11 -veined (2). Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface smooth (8), or scaberulous (1), or scabrous (2); without grooves (9), or eventually splitting (2). Lemma apex obtuse (2), or acute (9). Palea 1 length of lemma; 4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined (6), or 9-10 -veined (1), or 11 -veined (2); without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6 (6/8), or 7 (1/8), or 8 (2/8), or 9 (1/8), or 12 (1/8).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; ovoid; smooth (2/8), or striate (6/8).
    Male
    Male inflorescence terminal (9/9); unlike female (9/9); a panicle (7/9), or a single raceme (2/9). Male spikelets distinct from female; linear (3), or lanceolate (3), or elliptic (3), or oblong (3), or ovate (1). Male spikelet glumes absent.
    Distribution
    North America (6), or South America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Paraguay, Peru, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Luziola Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 33 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0