1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Maltebrunia Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Central & E. Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Erect perennials, arising from short rhizomes
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear-lanceolate to narrowly ovate, the nerves running parallel to midrib and connected by short transverse veins, usually narrowed into a false petiole
    Inflorescences
    Panicle terminal, erect, narrow
    Spikelets
    Spikelets bisexual, 3-flowered, narrowly lanceolate, somewhat laterally compressed, acuminate, awnless, falling entire from the pedicel; glumes persistent, vestigial; both lower florets represented only by narrow sterile lemmas
    Florets
    Upper floret hermaphrodite; lemma firmly membranous or chartaceous, at length subcoriaceous, 5-nerved, clasping the palea, separated from the sterile lemmas by a thickened internode; palea similar, 3-nerved; stamens 6; stigmas 2.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (2), or elongated (1). Culms erect (2/2); 30-65.31-100 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles absent (3), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate (3), or elliptic (2). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (2), or with distinct cross veins (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (3/3); tip cupuliform (2/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (2/2). Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.735-6.914-10 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (2/2). Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.735-6.914-10 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2).
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret subulate (3), or linear (1); chartaceous (1/1); acuminate (1/1). Fertile lemma elliptic (2), or ovate (3); lanceolate in profile (1/1); membranous (1), or chartaceous (3); keeled (2/2); 5 -veined (3/3). Lemma lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (2). Lemma surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1). Lemma margins flat (2), or involute (2). Lemma apex acute (1/2), or acuminate (1/2). Palea 1 length of lemma; membranous (3), or chartaceous (1); 3 -veined (2/2); 1-keeled (2), or 2-keeled (2). Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (3/3); membranous (2/2); acute (2/2). Anthers 6. Stigmas 2 (2/2).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Madagascar, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Maltebrunia Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 1: 6 (1829)

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C. E. Hubbard in Hook., Ic. Pl. 36, t. 3595 (1962)
    • Rév. Gram. 1: 183 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0