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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

[FZ]

Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin; petiole hemicylindric, thickened at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous, in terminal or subterminal panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5 (rarely 4), free or nearly so, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 1–5 somewhat prominent nerves, the median one prolonged like a crest at the base of the internal face.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–10, 1 (2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous-woody endocarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed and the radicle ascendent.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in paniculate inflorescences, bisexual or male; sepals usually 5, free; petals usually 5; fertile stamens 1(–2) plus 3–9 shorter staminodes; disk usually present; ovary 1-celled; style 1
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes large with a fibrous woody endocarp.
Distribution
Some 60 species in the Indomalesian region, one of them, M. indica, widely cultivated in the tropics.

[FTEA]

Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Erect, branched evergreen trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous with male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same terminal or subterminal panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), free, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 3–5 darker yellow nerves on the inner surface with the median one prolonged like a crest at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–10, 1 (–2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy drupe, subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous woody endocarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed, and the radicle ascendent.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Angola, Ascension, Bahamas, Brazil South, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Line Is., Malawi, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Society Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Mangifera L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
30733.000
Grimes, J. [1109], Indonesia 45094.003

First published in Sp. Pl.: 200 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 442.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 93 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 200 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Mukherji in Lloydia 12: 73–136 (1949).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 93 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 200 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0