1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Mangifera L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin; petiole hemicylindric, thickened at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamous, in terminal or subterminal panicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5 (rarely 4), free or nearly so, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 1–5 somewhat prominent nerves, the median one prolonged like a crest at the base of the internal face.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–10, 1 (2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid.
    Disc
    Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma.
    Fruits
    Drupe subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous-woody endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed and the radicle ascendent.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Erect, branched evergreen trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamous with male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same terminal or subterminal panicles
    Calyx
    Sepals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), free, imbricate
    Corolla
    Petals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 3–5 darker yellow nerves on the inner surface with the median one prolonged like a crest at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–10, 1 (–2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid
    Disc
    Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit a fleshy drupe, subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous woody endocarp
    Seeds
    Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed, and the radicle ascendent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Ascension, Bahamas, Brazil South, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Christmas I., Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mangifera L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    30733.000
    Grimes, J. [1109], Indonesia 45094.003

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 200 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 442.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 93 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 200 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 93 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 200 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0